Подкарпатские Русины, Оставте глубокий сон. Народный голос зовет вас: Не забудьте о своем! Наш народ любимый да будет свободный От него да отдалится неприятелей буря да посетит справедливость уж и русское племя! Желание русских вождь: Русский да живет народ! Просим Бога Вышняго да поддержит русскаго и даст века лучшаго!
Ukraine has its first prisoner of conscience - an Orthodox priest from Transcarpathia Dimytry Sydor - the spiritual leader of a small Ruthenian people
Misadventures of Fr. Dimytry began in 2008 under former President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko. Then, at the Second European Congress of Ruthenians in Uzhgorod was adopted a memorandum on the restoration of Ruthenian AUTONOMOUS State as PART OF Ukraine. Following this collective decision of the Ruthenian people, the Secret Services of Ukraine almost immediately instituted against Fr. Dimytry Sydor criminal case on charges of separatism.
The change of government in Kiev has not changed the fate of the accused cleric. Few days ago there was announced a court sentence - three years probation and a fine of 1840 UAH. In passing sentence against a priest from Uzhgorod, Ukrainian justice, in my opinion, committed a gross injustice.
Neither Fr. Sydor, nor Ruthenians called for the secession of the Ruthenian State from Ukraine. Thus, an accusation of "separatism" against them is obviously far-fetched. This trial was unlike the criminal case against Julia Tymoshenko, where even the devil would break a leg. Any independent observer would inevitably conclude that Ruthenians in Ukraine are pressured, and denied the very right to exist!
Nevertheless, Ruthenians do exist as a nation. They are recognised in many European countries (including neighbouring Slovakia, Hungary and Poland). The atmosphere of the hearings in Uzhgorod was incredibly tense, up to brawls at times. The problem is there, and any of court verdicts could resolve it. Why the authorities decided to reprise Subcarpathian Ruthenians in such a way? Because our authorities usually use force only against the smallest subjects. Case against Fr. Sydor reminded me of the case against another Ruthenian - Colonel Redl, whom Austrian authorities had chosen to be the scapegoat just before World War I, accusing him of espionage.
Multinational Austro-Hungarian Empire did not lack spies amongst Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Jews, etc. but the state fearing the strong ethnic lobby, appointed as its enemy a meek Ruthenian - representative of the weakest people of the "patchwork monarchy."
Ruthenians are to be “banned as a nation” in Ukraine
Making a guest visit to the summit of the Eurasian Economic Community, the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych strongly demonstrated that he is ready to do anything to reduce the price of Russian gas. He even talked about the special status of Russian language in Ukraine. In fact, these statements do not mean anything, especially as Ukraine still does not express any desire to join either EEC or the Customs Union.
Yanukovych remains hostage to the big Ukrainian businesses, representatives of which are bound to the interests of the West and have nationalistic ambitions. This fact is even more evident now, as during the visit of Yanukovich to Moscow, in Ukraine ended openly political trial against the leader of Subcarpathian Ruthenian Archpriest Dimytry Sydor. The priest and public figure, Fr. Dimytry was sentenced to three years probation, suspended for two years, in fact, only for the fact that he defended the right of his people to be called Ruthenians. The judge denied him this right.
Now if Fr. Dimytry publicly calls himself a Ruthenian (and he surely would), he is to face a criminal sentence. By subjecting this small nation to the forced assimilation, Ukrainian authorities just continue the legacy of Austrians, Hungarians and Slovaks before them.
However, this nation continues to exist as one of the remaining fragments of Kievan Rus. Ethnic groups like this are called persistents and usually stubbornly defend their identity. I think that Ukrainian authorities are yet to become witness to it.
Ruthenians do not give up!
One of the leaders of the Ruthenian movement, the chairman of the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians Vasily Mikhailovich Dzhugan spoke about the challenges the Ruthenians face.
- Vasily Mikhailovich, how recent decisions of international Ruthenian forums aimed at implementing the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of December 1, 1991, will affect final solution of the Ruthenian question? - Ruthenian people face the objective - ultimately transfer implementation of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of the 1 December 1991 in a public and legal sphere.
In the present situation "Ukrainian government," supposedly "on behalf of the people," arrogated to itself the right to punish those who demand implementation of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1 December 1991, although the people did not empower "Ukrainian Powers" to do so. On the contrary, almost every year, at least two or three times, Ruthenians demanded that the Ukrainian authorities implemented the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum on December 1, 1991.
That is, Ukrainian regime brutally and cynically abused its authority and acted contrary to the will of the people. After all, government is there to serve people, and not vice versa.
Previously, when Ruthenians raised "Ruthenian question" as it was on the second ECSR (European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians), according to authorities, they - Ruthenians - acted illegally, in violation of the laws of Ukraine, as in the understanding of the regime such a formulation was a crime.
One of the clearest examples of this is the Ukrainian political inquisition against Father Dimytry Sydor. To date, after more than 20 sessions, the slow "process" have been rolling for more than two years, but neither the regime nor the initiators of an ostentatious tribunal could not prove his guilt, and already quite in despair, resorted to a last resort - "linguistic expertise ".
Ruthenians - law-abiding people - then, in 1991, and now, do not violate or interfere with any laws, they only pursue their legitimate rights by peaceful means. Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1 December 1991 was conducted in full accordance with the laws of the time.
Everyone, including the "Ukrainian Powers" should clearly understand this, as well as the fact that the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of December 1, 1991 must be appropriately dealt with legally. Ruthenian people have already defined the solution of the "Ruthenian question". The problem was long debated and discussed, the goals were clearly defined; all that remains is to take real steps to address it, - of course, considering "Ukrainian specifics" in the approach to this issue.
- But the Ruthenians are still accused of separatism, aren‘t they? - Bogey of separatism is the main line of defence of essentially illegitimate in our region Ukrainian authorities. Here, throughout the time of existence of the independent Ukraine, was implanted Rutheno-phobia and Ukrainian mythology of interpretation of the "Ruthenian question": that is the Ruthenians are losers, the marginalized, and they are basically “people from under the bridge”. They implied that there are only 36 of Ruthenians of both sexes, or only some 10 000, and then - only pensioners and other "greased" nonsense…
- Do you think that you were able to expose anti-Ruthenian Ukrainian myths? - For over 20 years of existence of the Ruthenian movement, we have learned that the main condition for successful problem solving is to break information blockade. The regime is afraid of transparency and, above all, when it comes to its nefarious deeds.
When we proclaimed about legal registration of the results of Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1 December 1991, we initiated public discussion of this action, then, according to its outcome, defined the tactical steps, and shown people the benefits of implementation of the decisions of the referendum, which eased tensions both at home and abroad.
- But its legal implementation would come into conflict with the current Ukrainian legislation, would it not? - It is not superfluous to recall that the Constitution of Ukraine was adopted in 1996, while our referendum was held under the laws of 1991 and, therefore, neither constitution, nor law shall be retroactive. The fact that the authors of the Constitution in 1996 did not bother to include in it the results of the referendum of 1991, is the problem of Ukraine rather than Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
If the legalization of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of
December 1, 1991, "does not meet the criteria" of Ukrainian legislation, one should change the laws of Ukraine, not the expression of the will of the people that is above any Constitution. Ruthenian people are law-abiding, but the Ukrainian law in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians mean nothing, until the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of December 1, 1991 are implemented, and finally officially recognised. This is in the interests of Ukraine as well if it wants to position itself as a democracy.
- In other words, do you fully transfer the solution of the Ruthenian question into a public domain? - Resolutions, adopted by the Ruthenian Congresses, have not violated the Ukrainian law, as public referendum is above the Constitution of Ukraine. Moreover, the implementation of the Ruthenian question has been fully transferred into legitimate public discourse in order to prevent any attempts of persecution by the Ukrainian authorities.
After the second ECSR, the solution of the Ruthenian issue became a subject of public discussion, and now to hinder its realization would be a criminal offence against the Ruthenians.
In addition, the lawsuit is being prepared to solve the Ruthenian issue in the courts of law. By the way, Crimea judicially regained their Constitution of 1992. Let Ukraine and the Ukrainian authorities, after 20 years of neglect and persecution, try to accuse the Ruthenians of "separatism" for the fact that the Ruthenians openly, on their own, legally implement the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum, and the international community will assess the actions of Ukraine.
- Do the Ruthenians have the power to solve such a serious international issue? - If in 2007, or even in 2009, someone hinted at the qualitative and quantitative leap
in the Ruthenian movement that took place in 2011, no one would have believed it. This is simply the triumph in the light of all that the Ukrainian state has done to us.
However, the support that the Ruthenian movement received in recent times, can assure not only implementation of the planned for the near future legal registration of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum, but also the prospects of tomorrow, and beyond ...
By now, the Ruthenians have the resources and organization, and thus they can control all processes independently. Ruthenians have powerful organizational and informational pool. Organizing structures, mostly network, are the centres of institutional power and all that happens in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians.
Ruthenian movement can now outline a strategy, distribute the work that needs to be done, and inquire about its performance.
- What are your wishes to the Ruthenians and all the people of Russian World? - Do not be discouraged, do not be afraid to be different, look for others, educate them, and you will be rewarded.
Interviewed Oles Tverdokhleb
Ruthenian movement decided on Anthem, Flag, and Coat of Arms for the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians
If up until now the Ruthenian movement held the concept of illegitimacy of the Ukrainian authorities in the Subcarpathian Ruthenia for not recognizing the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1 December 1991, e.g. only the second part of a two-pronged referendum, held on December 1, 1991, now the Transcarpathian entrepreneurs, fully operating within the legal framework of the period, completely reject the results of Ukrainian referendum of December 1, 1991, to support the "Act of Independence of Ukraine", adopted in August 24, 1991 by the Supreme Council of Ukraine, and believe it is not mandatory for the Transcarpathian region, then Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. This act violated federal legislation (the Law of the USSR "On the order of issues related to the Secession of Union Republics from the USSR" № 1409-1 dated April 3, 1990, and a corresponding resolution on its introduction № 1410-1).
Until now, the Ukrainian government enjoyed at least some legitimacy in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Now we are talking about a full, absolute and unconditional rejection of the legitimacy of the Ukrainian authorities on both issues of the two-pronged referendum held on December 1, 1991 in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians.
In particular, there are questions that troubled the Ruthenian nation for the past 20 years: who (personally) and for what reasons persecuted Ruthenian people in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians? What is their status, their authority? On behalf of whom and who plundered the economy of the Transcarpathian region? Who, how and for what purposes spent billions of dollars in annual revenues for the transit of gas, forest products, export of mineral water over the period of the past 20 years..?
Transcarpathian entrepreneurs have already given a clear and unambiguous definition of the representatives of the "Ukrainian authorities" in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians - thieves who hide behind their power to steal with impunity. That is, in the language of normal healthy society, - thieves, crooks and other criminal carrion. That is their actual, real status.
Regarding the members of the "Ukrainian authorities" that have plagued the Ruthenian people - prosecutors, the SBU, judges - they are not just thieves but also criminals who commit crimes against the people. It is clear that after such a definition it would be redundant to speak about the legitimacy of the Ukrainian authorities in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Rather, they can be classified as representatives of the Ukrainian criminal clans.
Subcarpathian-Ruthenian tribunal is expecting a material incriminating Judge Cziczak, who issued the search warrant of an Orthodox church in Uzhgorod and Judge Stan, who is now, on behalf of Ukraine, conducting trial against the Ruthenian people, the prosecutor Fotchenko, SBU investigator Denis… and so on. The first 20 cases are already awaiting legal proceedings in Subcarpathian-Ruthenian tribunal.
Ruthenians should have no scruples with regard to the aforementioned actions. Ruthenians are not guilty of theft and crime by the Ukrainian authorities in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. However, if they doomed a number of members of the public (not just the Transcarpathian Ruthenians and entrepreneurs) to the conscious destruction, the response should be adequate. "Ukrainian authorities", who have no significant support of social groups within the population of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians, should disappear as a parasitic phenomenon, and their representatives should be punished.
Ruthenian movement supports the initiatives of Subcarpathian entrepreneurs, adopted at their meeting in Mukachevo, 31.12.2011
The decision of all-Ukrainian referendum of December 1, 1991, to support the "the Act of Independence of Ukraine", adopted in August 24, 1991 by the Supreme Council of Ukraine, should be considered not binding in the Transcarpathian region, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, as it violated the then federal legislation (the Law of the USSR "On the order of issues related to the Secession of Union Republics from the USSR» № 1409-1, dated April 3, 1990, and a corresponding resolution on its introduction № 1410-1).
Legal representatives of Territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians are to begin implementation of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of December 1, 1991. The whole process is divided into the four stages.
Notification of the legal successors to the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians (Russia, Czech Republic). Appeal to the neighbouring countries (Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland), and to the international centres of power (EU, China, Germany, USA).
Presentation of a new regulatory framework for the implementation of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1991 and subsequent transition period. For that purpose could be used the legislation of 1991.
Naming names of those responsible for the destruction of infrastructure, healthcare, education, industry and agriculture in post-Soviet Transcarpathia, and impediment of the realization of the results of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of December 1, 1991, and excluding them from all the state structures and organizations in the transition period to avoid further abuse of power.
Clear identification of all 67 settlements where local governments would be made available;
- To determine where the district city council would be placed.
- To finalize the capital of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
- To determine temporary identification document for the residents of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
- To define an operative system of Subcarpathian-Ruthenian Tribunal, Customs, Treasury.
- To outline a scheme of charging and signing of international agreements on the transit of electricity, gas, etc.
- To present a priority list of decrees of RSR. (Temporary legal basis for them during the transition period will determine the relevant provisions adopted by the Government of the RSR).
- To appoint heads of agencies and corporations.
3. To blacklist in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians website’s “Golos Karpat ІNFO” editor Vasily Kish and his relatives for spreading anti-Ruthenian propaganda.
4. To approve in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians words of the hymn - the poem by Alexander Duhnovich "Subcarpathian Ruthenians, arise from a deep slumber...", the former anthem of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
5. To adopt Ruthenian tricolor in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians, as colours of their national flag. To approve Ruthenian national crest as the coat of arms in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians.
6. Transcarpathian entrepreneurs believe that non-conformity of the Ukrainian authorities to the decisions of the Transcarpathian Regional referendum of 1 December 1991, should be classified as act that constitutes the state crime against the Ruthenian people with no statute of limitations.
7. Ruthenian movement appeals to the government of RSR, Ruthenian Congress (ECSR and WCSR) to support the initiatives of Subcarpathian entrepreneurs.
Somersaults of Ukrainian justice A regular, 17th in a row court hearing in Court of Appeal on September 30, 2011, with regard to the case number 499, "Ukraine against the spiritual leader of the Ruthenians
D. Sydor," was postponed due to non-attendance of the forensic linguistic examination experts for the fifth consecutive time. The court decided to oyer testimony of the expert of forensic linguistic examination using the IP-telephony (namely, "Skype").
All legalists are aware that the facts of legal significance could be obtained through testimony of the parties, third parties, their representatives questioned as witnesses, the testimony of witnesses, written (real) evidence, expert opinions, on condition that the said evidence was obtained without violation of the procedure established by law. At the trial, not all the facts of legal significance could be regarded as evidence, but only those that are directly defined in the law. Certain pre-statutory restriction in the use of evidence in resolving specific disputes in the law practice has traditionally been understood as the credibility of evidence. In this regard, there follows logical question: "Is there any mention in the law of obtaining evidence through the network, using the IP-telephony?
Certainly, the court might decide to hear as a witness in the case under consideration, say, a domestic parrot of the defendant, recording his testimony on a portable double-cassette tape recorder WEF-Spidola-232. However, would it provide any legal significance and, accordingly, credibility for the objective trial? It is known that the reliability of the testimony by "Skype" is highly questionable, at least because of the technical possibility of eavesdropping by third parties, and even changing the content of conversation using some tricks. See, for example,
Consequently, providing the procedure of questioning a witness through "Skype", the court must additionally consider issues of reliability and sufficiency of the evidence obtained for the simple reason that the evidence obtained in violation of the law would not have legal force, and could not be considered as basis for the court decision.
The results of evaluation of evidence by the court must be reflected in the decision, which contains the reasons for which some evidence would be taken as a means to substantiate the findings of the court, while other evidence rejected, as well as the grounds to prefer one evidence over the other.
And, actually, what all this fuss is about? Each expert involved as a party to the proceedings is required to appear when summoned by the court for PERSONAL participation in the hearing, and answer questions related to the carried out research and their conclusions.
The court hearings were postponed for four consecutive sessions due to notorious refusal by the experts of forensic linguistic examination to appear in court to testify. The prosecution undertaken a number of tricks, such as replacing experts by a representative, holding a purely administrative position in the Office of examinations, or letters from experts indicating supposedly valid reasons why they can not attend the court hearing and formal replies with totally unconvincing excuses. And this whole circus is taking place (for a six months now), while it would be sufficient for the court to make a decision of reconduction of the witnesses to the court hearing…
Are Ruthenians separatists?
At the end of World War I, when the international community recognized the right of nations (or ethnic groups) to self-determination, Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians (along with other enslaved peoples of Europe), having officially received such a right, became a subject of international law. At that time, Ruthenians, exercising their right to self-determination, on a voluntary basis acceded to the newly formed Czechoslovakia with special status.
Resolution of the Central Russian People's Parliament (CRPP) of 8 May 1919 in Uzhgorod, stated: "... on behalf of all the people, we fully support the U.S. Finno-Russian People's Parliaments’ decision to join the peoples of Czechoslovakia on the basis of full (broad ) national-territorial autonomy (c)
The resolution of CRPP from May 8, 1919 was included in the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919 in Art. 81 as follows: "Germany, in conformity with the action already taken by the Allied and Associated Powers, recognises the complete independence of the Czecho-Slovak State which will include the autonomous territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Germany hereby recognises the frontiers of this State as determined by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the other interested States." (c). Almost identical statement was included in the Art. 53 of the Saint-Germaine peace treaty with Austria on September 10, 1919 and Art. 48 of the Trianon peace treaty with Hungary on June 4, 1920.
Art. 10-13 of the Saint-Germaine peace treaty with Czechoslovakia on September 10, 1919 fixed the terms of accession of the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians to Czechoslovakia. Article 2 of the Treaty of Sevres of August 10, 1920 only partially dealt with the borders of Subcarpathian Ruthenia with Romania and Hungary. Thus, the very recognition of the right to self-determination for the Ruthenians in their historic land (the territory to the south of the Carpathians) is recorded in a number of international legal instruments and cannot be disputed by anyone; it is a historical fact.
International practice knows several ways for the practical realization of granted to the people right to self-determination, - creation of an independent sovereign state (the highest form), free accession to another independent state with the mutually approved status, association with it (in various forms), or the provision of any other political status freely determined by the people. The people, people alone, and no one else have the right to decide their fate.
According to the resolution of CRPP from May 8, 1919, Ruthenians voluntarily delegated some of their sovereign rights to the central Prague government. But all this does in no way mean that they voluntarily abandoned or lost their sovereignty.
At that time such a move of authorized representatives of the Ruthenian people was well justified and pragmatic. When the Ruthenians were granted the right to self-determination, they lacked their own national intelligentsia, able to manage newly established independent state. In the prevailing at the time circumstances, Ruthenians could receive education only in Hungarian, in the Hungarian environment, and even after receiving it (education), they did not return to their own people, or if they did, they were already infected by the Hungarian-consciousness’ bacillus, - as "Magyar ones." Hence, the folk saying was born: "Huns are worse than Turks."
Because once granted to the people right to self-determination is immutable, inalienable, indefeasible and eternal (until at least one subject of these rights is alive), decision on their own historical destiny is granted exclusively to the people.
During the annexation of Subcarpathian Ruthenia by "the father of all peoples", based on aforementioned, at least a formal expression of the Ruthenian people at the sharp turn of their fate was needed. Manifesto (first and last) of the Congress of "popular committees" in Mukachevo from 26.11. 1944 cannot be legitimate in expression of such will, neither in form nor in content.
The manifesto was adopted during the war, in the territory occupied by the foreign army, in the "conditions of martial law".
In November 26, 1944 Mukachevo was officially included in the "zone of combat operations," as part of the 4th Ukrainian Front (up to 01.02. 1945), i.e. it was the time when the high command of the occupying army took over the functions of sovereignty and full control of the territory. In those conditions the effects of civil rights were suspended.
In such a situation we have absolutely no grounds to talk about the legitimacy of the procedure of expression of will of the people. But since at the time the "Red Army" was really "all the stronger" (from the taiga to the British seas), the question of the legitimacy of accession of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia to the USSR (with temporary administration of Ukrainian SSR), remained open for many years. "Ruthenian issue" has become tabooed.
And so, with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, when a new state-independent Ukraine was founded, the dormant "Ruthenian issue" once again rose to its full height. Sly Fox Leonid Kravchuk, who "walked between the raindrops" (the only leader of the country who took pride in his craftiness), was perfectly aware that for the formal legitimacy of accession of the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians to the newly established state, it was necessary to carry out the procedure of the declaration of will of the people. That is why the national referendum of December 1, 1989 in our region raised a question about the status of its accession to Ukraine (for example, in the Chernigov region, / or any other / such a question was not even discussed). Nevertheless, 78% of participating of the referendum of 1989 voted for accession to the new state, with the status of "self-governing territory." The fact that Ukraine's political leadership is trying to ignore the results of the referendum does not mean anything - their decisions came into force from the date of their publication (of the results) in the official organ that conducted the referendum (on the 4th December 1989), in accordance with the Law .
Our time produced abysmal darkness (per square kilometre) of "guardians of the people", who often try to act on behalf of the people (without any mandate of the people), behind people's back and, as a rule, with the objectives alien to them (the people). As could be seen from the above, the statement: "Ruthenians are not separatists" has no justification. All the people, 78% who voted in the referendum of 1991 for accession to Ukraine with the status of "self-governing territory", are separatists of the first water. For the definition of the term "separatism" is following, - "... the desire for separation ... desire to stand out from the common, creating for himself a special, different from the others position" (c)
In our case - separatism is the “secession of the people with the right to self-determination (with their territory) from under the absolute jurisdiction of a larger state (to which, against their will, they belong.) And this is precisely the will of our people, expressed by them in the referendum of December 1991. Without regard to whether one likes it or not. For such is the logic of facts…
Marginalia on the interview with Professor P. Magocsi
Information newspaper "Nedіlya» № 28 (396) on 15-21 July 2011 posted an interview with Paul Magochi, historian, professor of the University of Toronto and Chairman Emeritus of the World Council of Ruthenians, under the intriguing headline: "Do Ruthenians need a Congress?". The article was presented against the background
of a bust in bronze, ready for installation in the home country of the Hero. Interviewer, for some reason, traditionally was (about us without us) a little-known journalist with clearly non-Ruthenian surname - Lilya Zalevskaya.
The much respected professor to the fundamental and logical question, - What are the main functions and objectives of Ruthenian Congresses? - responded at length, muzzily, wordy, and very scantily. If we try to follow the thoughts of the professor in terms of content, (to evaporate the liquid and scrape off the dry residue), we will find in his response following objectives of the Congress:
1. Congresses provide to the Ruthenians an opportunity to share and spread information. 2. The main objective is to bring together representatives of the Ruthenian organizations to:
a) get to know each other in person and determine "who is who"
b) share their experiences, knowledge and achievements.
Finally, the main goal is "recognition of the Ruthenians as a separate ethnic GROUP (Sic!) in their home countries (naturally, only in the cultural context)... If we ignore the historical excursus of the professor on the establishment and objectives of Ruthenian Congresses, where he is clearly disingenuous in claiming that from the beginning an objective of Ruthenian Congresses was purely "cultural", and the main achievements over 20 years of the Congress are the establishment "of the Congress of the Ruthenian language" and the "International Forum of Ruthenian youth", in this interview we arrive at the conclusive answer of the distinguished professor to the question,- "Do Ruthenians need a Congress?"
According to P. Magochi, - no, they certainly do not. For the Congress "has successfully accomplished the mission, assigned to it twenty years ago" (c). However, the professor did not specify what mission the Ruthenian Congresses were to accomplish, and who assigned such a mission to them. Professor did not miss to mention practical recommendations to the Ruthenians in the various countries of their residence. It turns out that Congress in general should not interfere with the policies of local regimes regarding Ruthenians in each particular country, as "sometimes local Ruthenian organizations can solve them more quickly and efficiently" (c) and, he says, "Congress will have nothing in common with politics"(c) In other words, in the professor’s rhetoric were more holes than cheese.
The only thing we concur with the distinguished professor is that the (cultural) corset is too tight for a forum with such a pretentious title as the "World Congress of Ruthenians." Is not it easier to set up for "dancing and singing", say, "The World Ruthenian Festival Red Rose"?
Every nation, including Ruthenians, has the ultimate goal, the historical aspirations - to create their independent state on their land for all Ruthenians scattered around the world.
Obviously, such an objective is unattainable without politics. And instead of holding "World Ruthenian Congresses" in order to present Ruthenians as absolutely unable to solve their historical goals, and tar Ruthenian gate with "Ukrainian delegations," is it not better to hold the genuine 12th World Congress of Ruthenians under the leadership of true patriots, who, recognizing the importance of "cultural and historical values of the Ruthenian people," are able to bring back World Congress of Ruthenians and its Council back on track, which was defined for this organization in the early 90-s, - protection of national interests of all Ruthenians in their home countries? Their first and foremost objective is obviously the coordinated action to solve the basic problem of the Ruthenian people, - establishment of the parent independent state Subcarpathian Ruthenia for all Ruthenians in the world...
Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the EU
http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1421260.html Ukrainian expert Vasily Stoyakin considers the hypothetical possibility of accession
of Ukraine to the EU not as a whole (such possibility he flatly rejects), but only of some of its western lands. Moreover, for some reason, this option of membership in the EU expert sees only through their accession to Poland, Slovakia, Hungary or Romania. While in the case of Subcarpathian Ruthenia ideal (for its hypothetical accession to the EU) is only as a distinct entity in any arbitrary form.
For the EU (as a whole) benefits of such a solution would be obvious. Responsibility for such a move would be placed on the EU as a whole, not a neighbouring country and, consequently, control over its "oeuvres" (at first) would be delegated to Brussels, with its growing bureaucratic apparatus. For example, for the time being, decisions of Parliament (or Cabinet) of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the transition period could be vetoed by a designated officials (if necessary).
For the EU, membership of Subcarpathian Ruthenia would instantly remove a lot of irritants and current headache: the question of "Schengen wall" (the cost of its implementation would be reduced significantly if the border passes through the Carpathian mountain range); as well as question of illegal immigration, threat of environmental terrorism, and of course all the issues related to post-war "military foothold in Europe" would just disappear as if by magic. This explains interest of Hungary, which have been contesting for the influence over its territory for some time now.
As for "sustenance" of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the EU, this issue does not arise even today. If by fees from transit flows between East and West it sustains the whole of Ukraine, it could also help the EU, as much as its capabilities would allow.
The people of Subcarpathian Ruthenia practically demonstrate their attitude to work not only to their neighbours, but also all over the world, were Ruthenians scattered in search of work. Indeed, people’s attitude to work, as is well known, is the main criterion of prosperity of any country in the world.
And finally, the demographic aspect. For the aging and dying, degenerating Europe, carefully picked (by natural selection), gene pool of the Ruthenians could be an effective remedy for demographic collapse of the Granny...
Open letter of appeal to the leadership of the WCR Dear Chairman of the World Congress of Ruthenians Dura Papuga, a week had passed since the end of the 11th WCR that took place near Budapest. So far the results of the forum were not officially published, in particular resolution of the 11th WCR. Instead of distinct, clear decisions and results of the congress, adopted by the delegates, are published rumours, speculations, and even frankly provocative material of foes of the Ruthenian movement and saboteurs of Ruthenian objectives throughout the world.
We hope that regarding undeniable fact (vote on acception of the Ruthenian Diaspora in the Russian Federation to the WCR) leadership of the Congress will express their detailed position. It is hard to believe that nowadays could be practiced outright discrimination based on place of residence. For what reason Ruthenians, temporarily forced in the territory of Russia, found themselves in such disfavour?
We believe that only timely, open, public information of what happened during the congress could put an end to rumours and growing speculations, compromising reputation of the Ruthenian movement as a whole.
World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians: Chairman, V. Dzhugan
European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians: Co-chair, Fr. D. Sydor
Government of Subcarpathian Ruthenia: Prime Minister, P. Getsko
People's Parliament of Subcarpathian Ruthenia: Head, V. Mikulin
Europe does not want war with Russia. We must recognize the duality of Europe. On the one hand, Europe is an economic union. This alliance is an expanding Euro zone. On the other hand, a symbol of the expanding Europe is NATO. This duality could be used to pull Europe into a military conflict with Russia.
Europe might be drawn into military conflict with Russia through Ukraine. There is more than enough evidence of this particular perspective. It is important today to realize that civilization fault line passes exactly through NATO - Russia. Conflict with Russia would indicate a split in Europe. Eastern Europe is expected to come out of the periphery after the military conflict. In Eastern Europe, there is a consensus of the elite and the people over the war. Awareness of such reality has spurred the Russian power elite to erect an "Energy Wall" to separate from the Baltic countries. This was evident as early as 2007. Vector of changes in Russian foreign policy manifested itself in the message of president Putin in 2007, which stated "... the New NATO members such as Slovakia and the Baltic states, for example, despite the preliminary agreements with NATO, have not joined the CFE treaty. This creates a real danger of unpredictable surprises." Actually, there were created a range of countries unfriendly towards Russia. The article "Energy "Wall” and the contours of the foreign policy of Russia after Putin" pointed out that the final stage of transformation of foreign policy towards the Baltic states will be the construction of the world's first" Energy Wall, "This "wall" will make the border with Russia impervious to energy resources. It should be noted that the construction of the "Energy Wall" between Russia and the Baltic countries is a logical consequence of such course of events. The key to understanding this transformation of foreign policy is membership of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in NATO. Already the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in the summer of 2008 correctly recognized the right of the Baltic peoples to such a choice, as well as Russia's right to its own independent energy policy.
However, it is possible to avoid escalation of such a conflict, and resolve the issue peacefully. Symptoms of exacerbation of pre-split situation in Ukraine are evident. Ukraine is bent over both inside and outside the country. It is unlikely for it to preserve the status quo in this position any longer. It is time to talk about a peaceful solution of the “Ukrainian bend over”. There is no need to poke the head in the sand like an ostrich, as if the problem did not exist. It will not resolve itself. A peaceful solution is on the surface nevertheless. The solution is in peaceful secession of Galicia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia. It would also resolve the issue of the EU and the Customs Union, and insoluble in another format historical, ideological, linguistic and other issues between Galicia and the East of Ukraine that excruciated Ukraine for the last 20 years.
Problem of the Crimea and contradictions in other eastern regions of Ukraine are much easier to solve without Galicia. Two incompatible parts can finally begin to live their lives without wasting energy on issues that could be easily resolved in a civilized world. Otherwise, the current Ukraine, approaching every particular historical date would always tremble in anticipation of whatever could happen. If this is not done peacefully, it will still happen in a form of an armed conflict.
The question is what status Galicia would acquire after the separation. Recently the Polish media expressed concern that Galicia is being deliberately represented in Ukraine in such a light as to discredit it in the eyes of the EU.
At the same time, there was conducted an independent review of certain provisions of the party program of the AU "Svoboda", clearly not resembling European values, at least for the would-be independent state. However, it seems, the Poles know better.
There is exactly the same controversy between Galicia and Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, as between Galicia and Eastern Ukraine. Scenarios for the future of Galicia have already been laid out. There is also an urgent need to address the Ruthenian question in Subcarpathian Ruthenia, where everything is ready for a peaceful separation from Ukraine. If in Galicia the main driving force is the AU "Svoboda" and the Ukrainian nationalists, in Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia the main driving force is the Ruthenian movement and Transcarpathian entrepreneurs (more than 50 thousand people).
On May 10, 2011 at a meeting of business people in Transcarpathia, Mukachevo was prudently prepared and announced Public agreement between the present Ukrainian authorities of the Baloga clan / UC and the residents of Transcarpathian region.
Clan Baloga / United Centre are to publicly relinquish all power down to a deputy village council nominee from UC, who should resign. If the clan Baloga / UC goes peacefully, it would guarantee them the lives of all members of the clan and their families, and preservation of their property. Otherwise, there would be implemented the proposed two-stage scenario.
Stage 1- Zeroing the balance of all representatives of the clan Baloga / UC on payroll. Zeroing in a literal and figurative sense. In the words of one of the participants, "to disassemble up to the last brick; just as this power dismantled collective farms in the villages of Transcarpathia, there should be dismantled all real estate (commercial and non-commercial), namely residential homes, business facilities, boutiques, supermarkets, warehouses of the clan members themselves and their relatives . The second stage - depending on circumstances, not excluding scenario of the Romanian Revolution of Ceausescu era. Entrepreneurs offer all Transcarpathians guided by this, to discuss and resolve all the practical issues from this point of view.
However, there is a great chance to change the government peacefully. Steady balance is in the process of development, the balance is still fragile but as far as no one violates the Public agreement, there is nothing to fear. This would be a truly historic victory, when the Public agreement reversed a catastrophic scenario.
In case of events, similar to the latest revolts in the Arab countries in Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia, it is difficult to imagine who would provide political asylum to members of the Baloga clan. Nobody would need them as illegitimate rulers, even former allies, who used them for their pragmatic purposes at some stage.
... The new Luddites
There are cases when residents of Uzhgorod, Mukachevo and other towns and villages of Transcarpathia set fire to cars of some prosecutors, judges, deputies, throw grenades and petrol bombs into their houses.... Until now, such things were done discretely. However, at present Transcarpathians are ripe and ready to go publicly, but only in respect of property of the Baloga clan. We are talking about mass actions, when 15-20 thousand Transcarpathians during the day would dismantle to the ground houses, supermarkets, warehouses, etc. of all members of the Baloga clan, and plant cherry trees in their place. Such a scenario will be enacted only if the Baloga clan would violate the Public agreement between the present Ukrainian authorities of the Baloga clan / UC and the residents of Transcarpathian region..
It now appears there are three scenarios of the future of the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians:
Ukrainian / west Ukrainian, Hungarian, and Subcarpathian Ruthenian. What are new opportunities, choices, meaning of each of them? The first option - Ukrainian - no one has any doubts about why the regional administration is interested in preservation of the status quo of current Ukrainian State, namely, they have no other plans, than embezzlement of budgetary funds. The second option - alliance with Hungary. They are not promising for the majority of population, except for the Transcarpathian Hungarians, and even then only for their exploitation as the potential electorate, and geopolitical expansion of Hungary through the actual impact on the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians. The third option - Subcarpathian Ruthenian - provides legal ground for the self-sufficient society with guaranteed rights: to employment, jobs and decent salaries to all migrant workers, who now roam the world, earning money to support their families in a foreign land; and also free education, free healthcare, decent-Old-age income for all citizens of Subcarpathian Ruthenia ... More detail could be found in the "Ruthenian national conception," "Subcarpathian Ruthenian economic doctrine," Memorandum of the Government of RSR.
1. Leaderism times passed away, especially when it comes to leaderism of Victor Baloga;
(Ukrainian hierarchy / Baloga clan, about which so much said and written that it is already well-established negative brand in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia)
2. The present masses can support only a REALISTIC PLAN
3. So far, no one has offered any realistic plan for the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, other than the Ruthenian movement; neither Hungarians, nor Romanians, nor Ukrainians, living in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
It is no secret that the main problem for the opposition-minded Transcarpathians is the problem of alternatives, particularly alternative content. Most Transcarpathians are disappointed and do not believe the modern Ukrainian political parties and their declarative programs, as well as Transcarpathian politicians.
Apart from the programme of the Ruthenian movement, the future programs of other political movements remains unspoken, their strategic line also remains unknown. Apart from the Ruthenian movement, nobody suggested any changes, required in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, and the means of their implementation.
in recent years has been rebuilding its relations with everyone, completely excluding Ukraine and its authorities from this development. Subcarpathian Ruthenia seeks to change its structure in order to determine its own future, according to its people’s rights and responsibilities. Expanding Ruthenization of Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia is clearly noticeable for all, and cannot fail but cause joy of the Ruthenians themselves, as well as in the countries of Central Europe and Russia. .
Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia is the only territorial-administrative unit, which Ukraine has not included in its legal field after the Transcarpathian regional referendum of 1991 , to date. Ruthenians are recognized outside Ukraine, but not considered as a people by Ukraine. Therefore, Ukraine has deprived itself of the opportunity to participate in the solution of the Ruthenian question. Disputes about the Carpathian Ukraine and Ukrainian history ousted the real discussion about the present and the future of Ruthenians as a people, and the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians as their place of residence.
As a legacy from the Soviet Union, Transcarpathia has sufficient economic potential comparable with the potential of a European state such as Hungary.
Subcarpathian Ruthenia is interesting to the business community and the leadership of the European Union, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Belarus and, of course, Russia. Subcarpathian Ruthenia has found itself in a unique position, able to provide it with such condition. However, its wealth, most of which in the absence of the necessary legal framework and infrastructure is not involved in the process of economic relations and does not create added value, which significantly reduces the effectiveness of national economy as a whole.
Every month there are more and more information about the new-old formation of the EU countries of the Visegrad Group. First of all we are talking about Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Poland. Initially, it came to that countries of the Visegrad Quartet announced their intention to create a new military unit. Later the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary announced their plans to join electricity markets. However, there is a single key part in this project - Mukachevo substation, through which all this is connected. Given that the main pipeline and compressor station is on the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, the plans of the Hungarian gas storage facilities and power plants are firmly aligned to the plans of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
Given the geopolitics of the Eurasian transport corridor and large probability of dissolution of Ukraine with secession of Galicia, and passing of a small portion of transit energy corridor through its territory, the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia becomes the energy heart of Visegrad group. All the major energy flows converge in our land. Even with the launch of the northern stream, the key role of Subcarpathian Ruthenia for the Visegrad Group on transit and the redistribution of energy supplies will not change.
Russia continues to work on opening a general consulate in Uzhgorod
. Providing there is already functioning Russian consulate in Lvov, it is clear that Russia perceives the region of Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia separately from Galicia. Such regional differentiation is significant not only for the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, but also for Russia itself.
apprehends chain reaction in its territory, but Subcarpathian Ruthenians emphasize that they intend to establish their state in the territory of Transcarpathia, and nowhere else. Ultimately, it is beneficial even for the Ruthenians in other countries: instead of a dubious attitude towards them as potential separatists, they acquire normal relationships with the authorities of their states, as well as obtain a national parent state in the Subcarpathian Ruthenia, which existed as an autonomous formation between the World Wars.
It should be noted that the Subcarpathian Ruthenians, at each their Congress from the First World Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians in the Czech Pardubice, raised and developed the concept of dual citizenship for the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. Neo-Empires (Poland, Hungary, and Romania) always reduce everything to confrontation in its various manifestations, and this is VERY bad.
Nevertheless, the confrontation of Hungary, where it is not necessary, is silly.
After all, should Hungary refocus and start cooperation with neighbouring countries, they could have become its area of influence, a much better gain than any Law on dual citizenship! Continuing the same old policy, it can only acquire real enemies. After all, even the Hungarian opposition has criticized the Law on dual citizenship. Fidesz considers the Hungarian Diaspora as the electoral support to them. Hungary did not offer any models of integration. Most likely, the problem as such was not even emphasized. Annexation is not easy, as there is the need to align social standards. In the current situation, none of the countries of Central Europe would be able to pull out such a project. Besides, the necessary for it EU consent could hardly be reached. In addition, already existing Romanian, Hungarian and Slovak Diaspora in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians with established historical, cultural, geopolitical and civilizational basis, provides the key to security and stability of Central Europe.
For the EU and Russia as an energy provider, stability in energy supplies in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians is more beneficial. In addition, the transboundary waters - segment of r. Tisa in the territory of Transcarpathia (223 km.)- forms a fresh (potable) water for a large portion of European territory. The best option for the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians would be establishment of neutral, non-aligned parent state - the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
From the perspective of the EU, the Carpathian Mountains are a natural boundary that has always existed. Strengthening the EU borders in Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania would be much more cost-inefficient.
Security of transit, strict control of illegal migrants and transboundary waters, all create strong arguments in favour of the neutrality of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
Ruthenians do not consider any of the neighbours an adversary a priori.
Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia has every chance to become the similar state for the world and for Central Europe, as Austria is for the world and Germany. It would be a mistake to upset in any shape or form already established territorial, ethnic and inter-religious stability in such a sensitive region.
It should not be forgotten that Ruthenians live in not only Ukraine, the U.S. and other distant from their historical homeland countries, but also in states bordering Ukraine.
Besides, western Ruthenian vector is directed towards the Balkans, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, USA, and eastern vector is directed towards Russia, where representatives of the Ruthenian Diaspora reside. Incidentally, the latter circumstance allows for an especially important role of the Ruthenians for both, Hungary, and Slovakia.
Ruthenian people passed through the mill of long centuries, steeled in their smallness, abandonment and solitude, always standing tall at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains. The territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians never developed particularly fast economically while preserving natural habitats.
In such conditions, Ruthenians never had a scale and ambition. Modern Ruthenians developed slowly, primarily because of modest means and capabilities, but the purity of motives and hard work always fructify.
Resolution of the World Council
(Svitova Rada) of Subcarpathian Ruthenians
Uzhgorod June 5, 2011
In anticipation of the 11th World Congress of the Ruthenians, which will take place in Budapest, the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians adopted an Open letter of appeal to the delegates and participants of the 11th World Congress of the Ruthenians. From the time of the previous 10th Ruthenian Congress, Ruthenian movement has passed difficult and crucial stage of its development. We have managed to combine and significantly expand a very wide range of constructive social forces, based on the values of patriotism, love for one’s native land and the people, in order to achieve the ultimate goal - establishment of independent parent sovereign state, common for all Ruthenians scattered in the world.
Ahead of us is the development of consolidated program of further actions, identification of priority strategies, solution of pressing problems and challenges of the modern world. We hope that the Congress by its resolutions, specific documents and positive initiatives will be able to gain a high profile and public support for the Ruthenians in the world, and its proceedings will strengthen, consolidate and further develop Ruthenian movement.
It is gratifying that the elite of the Ruthenian movement, despite the differences in situation assessment and tactical solutions to assigned tasks, is united in promoting the implementation of the high mission to defend the national interests of the Ruthenian people and facilitate its integration into the international community.
This is especially important today, when our enemies are making desperate attempts at the state level, including the prosecution of activists of the Ruthenian people; in order to push the Ruthenian movement to the margins of European and global processes, remove it from the system basis of the future world system.
Obviously, the way of achieving the ultimate goal is complex, but it would eventually lead to true unity, not disunity. This is the path we have to take in our difficult circumstances.
Ruthenian movement today, as practice shows, is facing a serious challenge. Our enemies are trying to forcibly change our way of life, our centuries-old traditions and deprive us of our faith in the future and take away (or replace by ersatz) our cultural values, accumulated by our ancestors throughout many centuries of their existence.
Therefore, only full commitment of the best sons and daughters of our nation, their knowledge and talents, and their inherent ability to work hard, will help us solve difficult historic tasks that are set before us.
We expect from the current Congress that it would solve urgent problems of our movement when the very existence of the Ruthenian people and their fundamental right-the right to establish their own state is seriously threatened. This is the cornerstone of our existence, as we would be able to preserve ourselves as a people only in an independent state.
We believe that our ability to solve this priority will open the pathway for closer co-operation of numerous Ruthenian organizations around the world for the benefit of our long-suffering people. We hope that the decisions of this Congress will help our deeper understanding of the essence of our tasks and finding optimal ways for their successful solution. Good luck, dear compatriots. God help us...
Chairman of the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians V. Dzhugan
Secretary of the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians V. Mikulin
The action of Lvov deputies could signify the beginning of separation of Galicia from Ukraine The question of separation of Galicia is a question of time. At least the first signs of this are obvious:
1. On the 10th of May in Lvov took place an extraordinary event for all time of existence of post-Soviet Ukraine. The head of Lvov Regional State Administration (RSA), Michael Cymbalyuk made a statement of resignation, and did so during a "conversation" with the deputies of regional and city councils from All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda", with regard to the known events in Lvov on May 9. The meaning of the event and its assessment is determined by exceptional circumstances, when the deputies of local Councils of the neo-Nazi party "Svoboda" actually forced their appointed president Cymbalyuk to accept the resignation, using the power of "persuasion", bypassing all the legal procedures, through the imposition of two-thirds no-confidence vote of regional council. They blocked him in his office and warned that they will not leave until RSA does not agree with their demand for his resignation.
2. On May 12, an extraordinary session of the Lvov regional council adopted an appeal to the Ukrainian people, in which deputies called for a coup in Ukraine. "Our task is to work together to sweep away the existing power to the dustbin of history" - stated Lvov deputies, along with crypto fascists from Ukrainian Union "Svoboda", the chief violin players amongst them.
3. We are used to the fact that no matter how many different activists turn on each other, the police always plays the role of a forester from the famous anecdote - comes and chases all away. Actually, the police are the central axis of street politics. However, should a really large crowd congregate one day, which would overturn the police, nobody knows what kind of constitutional order will be in the country the next morning. May 9, 2011 in Lvov was a grand rehearsal.
And this is how Galicians wish to see [the Ukrainian borders]
The case when the world should accept the loss of independence. Especially after the 1990 model.
There are several options to solve the "Galician question" in Ukraine and Europe. Anti-Russian, anti-Semitic, pro-fascist sentiments in Galicia leave her very little chance of the option other than the EU protectorate. Galicia became worst than brigandish Kosovo. In Kosovo, particularly the Albanian mafia clans earn on drugs, human traffic and prostitution. In Galicia have bloomed to full flower radical nationalism. To eradicate fascism, it would take at least one generation, even two, restricted from open public agitation as exercised by Tyahnybok(s). This is only possible with the introduction of external control in the region. Most likely, such control would be carried out by the EU by closing the borders of Galicia around its perimeter, and placing all communications under armed guardian forces. This is particularly relevant for the electrical networks. On the rest of the territory of the former Ukraine should be imposed ban on the OUN-UPA, Bandera, Shukhevych and other fascists. All of the most active agents of fascist ideology should face criminal responsibility modelled after the Nuremberg Trials. At least the attempt to destroy the Ruthenian nation by the Ukrainian authorities deserves such measures. In any case, public entity under the name of Ukraine is already dead. Without Galicia, the remaining territories would acquire a normal civilized form. There will begin the process of solution of vital problems in the interests of people, not the interests of Galicia. As for Galicia, it needs a separate program, preferably under external control. Ukraine would no longer be able to withstand Galicia with its nationalist antiques even economically. Galician nationalism inside its territory could be eliminated in 50-70 years. Implementation of some sort of stable ideology to replace the existing one, and especially the ideology of tolerance, would take at least 50 to 80 years.
In this respect, a good example is Germany, which renounced fascism after the collapse of its statehood. However, the neo-fascist ideas remain very strong, even though there have passed 64 years. The second option is the return to the bosom of Mother Poland, where it would be dealt with in accordance with existing laws. However, in any case, it would require 5-10 years of external control. The third option, the most fantastic and dangerous, is to issue independent status to Galician state. Secession of Western Ukraine would not only preserve its rabid nationalism, but also give into the hands of nationalists uncontrolled power in the region.. In any case, there should be addressed the issue of Subcarpathian Ruthenia as well.
Format of secession of Subcarpathian Ruthenia from Ukraine, proposed by Ruthenian activists
1) Separation of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia from the Ukrainian state should occur peacefully - as agreed upon by the U.S., Russia and EU. The Ruthenians seek international recognition but not Abkhazian option of recognition;
2) The secession must take place unilaterally (regardless of Ukraine) under strong international supervision;
3) As for the countries of the Visegrad Group, they should not experience any problems with the recognition of pre-Soviet status of Subcarpathian Ruthenia;
4) International recognition of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, restored on Dec. 1, 2008;
5) The secession must not affect operation of currently the running international communications, traffic of goods, roads, electrical networks, communal services, market, trade, factories, etc.
In the case of separation of Ternopil, Lvov and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, with the independent Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Galicia would be geographically isolated (as Ivano-Frankivsk region is wedged in and interrupts its association with the Chernivtsi region). It is possible and appropriate to reassign Verkhovyna district of Ivano-Frankivsk region to, say, Chernivtsi region, so that Subcarpathian Ruthenia would not be isolated. The strategic role of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia, as we know, is very great, for both the EU and the CIS (as it borders with four countries in Europe).
Despite fierce resistance of Western Ukrainian activists, judging from the physical maps and satellite maps, Verchovyna area is mountainous and inaccessible, the population there is small, thus there should not be particularly fierce resistance to such changes (as well as the actions of the central government).
Therefore, such an idea is reasonable. However, most likely Galicians will abut up to the last man standing - just in order to have some benefits from the Carpathian transit. Possibly, they would have to be offered some kind of territorial concessions.
Verkhovyna district of Ivano-Frankivsk region., where passes the trans-European pipe should either be annexed to the Chernivtsi region, or placed under the control of Paris, Berlin, Brussels; as for the rest of Galicia, depending on the choice of one of the above options.
The rest of Ukraine could easily be federalised and hold elections of the president, as well as the parliament. At the same time, they could hold a referendum, regarding the name of the newly formed state.
Against all activists of nationalist wing should be initiated show trials, which would prohibit propaganda of "Galician brown plague" on the radio, TV, etc. We could use the experience of post-war Germany in terms of fighting the ideology of fascism.
Brief reference: Verhovinsky district - an administrative unit of the Ivano-Frankivsk region of Ukraine. Administrative Centre - pgt Verkhovyna.
Includes one village, 21 village council
The population of 30,079 people.
Density of population 23.98 persons per km ?
Area of 1 254.26 km ?
Complicated history of this border region has identified several important features, which still define life of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
1. Extremely variegated ethnic and religious composition of the population. Here for centuries lived together Ruthenians, Hungarians, Slovaks, Jews, Austrians, Gypsies, Romanians, professing Catholicism, Protestantism or Orthodoxy, and even the Greek-Catholic Uniatism since the Uzhgorod Union.
2. As a consequence, there was developed tolerance to each other, lack of frictions on national or religious grounds.
3. Organic (not an affected) religiosity of the population. On Sundays, they all go to church and do not engage in domestic work on holidays. This manifests itself as follows: from any point, there could be seen at least one church, and more often several of them: in every village, there are as many churches, as existing congregations. Usually Roman Catholic churches stand side by side with Greek Orthodox churches (not distinguishable from one another architecturally), but there are different combinations.
4. Economic backwardness, the complete absence of industry (even those factories that the Soviet government built here, now lay in ruins). As they say, it is a subsidized region. At the same time, there is a thriving private sector, based on intensive agriculture, migratory fisheries, border "smuggling." The people are hard working, but only on their personal sites.
5. Blatant political apathy and distrust for any authority. Ukraine to local residents is "just behind the mountains" in every sense, and they do not take any participation in the life of the metropolis. Budapest or Bratislava for them is much closer than Kiev. On election day, they vote "for whomever they are told to vote."
6. The population does not celebrate May 9, as well as other public holidays. There were not seen any signs of the Victory Day: posters, flags, or demonstrations. However, if one thinks about it, there is no reason to celebrate the Victory Day here: fascism seriously affected only Jews, the majority of which have emigrated by now. Hungary, being an ally of the Wehrmacht, has lost the war, and there were no battles here: the Soviet army entered this territory without a fight in 1944.
7. Despite numerous heated debates, the Ruthenians and the Ukrainians are not close. They have completely different languages, psychology, material culture and everyday life. So they are not to be confused with Western Ukrainians and Galicians from the other side of the Carpathians!
Despite the fact that the hope for the revival of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathian Mountains for centuries lived in the minds of the Ruthenian people, its emergence in the early 20th century, and the restoration of its statehood in 2008 was the result of some accidental, as well as law-governed political events. Among the reasons that have had a decisive impact on this are the following.
The legal justification for the restored on 1 December 2008 statehood Subcarpathian Ruthenia (RSR)
1. Internal reasons
1.1. The results of the Transcarpathian regional referendum of 1991
1.2. Emergence of strong-willed and capable leaders among the Ruthenian elite, who, in spite of the difficulties, were able to organize the Ruthenian movement
1.3. Constant persecution of Ruthenian activists in Ukraine ensured widespread support of the ideas of parent state..
1.4. Desire of the Ukrainian leadership to get rid of the Ruthenians as the source of tension. "Ukrainian State" Action Plan for the destruction of the Ruthenian nation".
1.5. Emergence of many strong supporters of the Ruthenian ideas among the Ruthenian Diaspora, seeing the only way to guarantee the existence of its people in creating their own state.
1.6. Wealthy sponsors among the Ruthenians, capable of financial support of this idea.
2. External causes
2.1. The dissolution of unity in Ukraine. The presence of Galicia with far-right nationalist parties in local leadership.
2.2. The lack of any real power and established national community in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, except for fictitious and illegitimate Ukrainian power/clan of Victor Baloga. For many centuries, the region was a backward district within different territorial-administrative units, with high population density and land shortage.
2.3. Active struggle of the Ruthenian people for their rights, supported by tens of thousands of Ruthenians worldwide.
2.4. Post-war political rivalry between Western and Eastern blocs of States, the EU and the CIS, at a crucial moment in the struggle for the independence of the Ruthenian people.
2.5. The collapse of Ukrainian state as such.
Ukrainizators would not have a peace of mind
In Uzhgorod, on the 9th of April this year took place a founding conference on the establishment of regional NGO “Transcarpathian Greek Catholic Union” in the name of Bishop Ivan Margitych.
The purpose of the Union, under the statute, is "the reunification of Mukachevo Greek-Catholic diocese with the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, with the prospect of turning it into a Ukrainian Greek Catholic Patriarchate
http://ua-reporter.com/novosti/102643 In fact, this is an attempt on the part of Galicia to confront another bastion of the Ruthenian nation, namely status sui iuris of the Mukachevo Ruthenian Greek Catholic Diocese.
Status sui iuris of the Ruthenian diocese (direct subordination to the Vatican and the complete independence from the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church UGCC) has long been a bone in the throat for Ukrainian Nationalists of Galician bottling. First of all, "dreamboat" of patriots is to establish patriarchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and withdraw from the administrative authority of the Vatican. However, for the formal establishment of patriarchy, UGCC simply lack the necessary amount of parishes, thus they cannot do without the formal inclusion of parishes of the Ruthenian Greek-Catholics.
The second important factor in the Galician megalomania is the fact of non-canonical, forced introduction of the "language of UGCC" during services, while service in the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church is in Church Slavonic. The response to such uncanonical approach gives the study of
Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches
(CCEC) and, above all, the Code definition of ritual. Canon 28 §1 defines a rite like this: "A rite is the liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony, culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people, by which its own manner of living the faith is manifested in each Church sui iuris". In other words, according to primitive logic of "Ukrainizators", translating the language of services of the Ruthenian Greek Catholic churches into "language of UGCC" they could claim "age-old territories of the Ukrainians" beyond the Carpathian passes.
TITLE 2 Churches Sui Iuris and Rites, Canon 28 §2 states:
The rites treated in this code, unless otherwise stated, are those, which arise from
the Alexandrian, Antiochene, Armenian, Chaldean and Constantinopolitan traditions.
Canon 40 §1 states: Hierarchs who preside over Churches sui iuris and all other
hierarchs are to see most carefully to the faithful protection and accurate observance of their own rite, and not admit changes in it except by reason of its organic progress, keeping in mind, however, mutual goodwill and the unity of Christians. With all that, the parishioners categorically reject any innovations.
In other words, Ukrainian language of rite cannot be "proper" in any other Church, except for the Ukrainian Church itself.
Church sui iuris always has its own rite. Thus, from the undoubtedly canonical existence of the Constantinopolitan rite (performed in old church Slavonic language in the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia), recognized by the supreme ecclesiastical authority, it necessarily follows that the status sui iuris, granted to this Church, makes it distinct from UGCC.
Church sui iuris is defined as a hierarchically organised community of believers, and the rite as the liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony, culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people of this community. It is quite fair and possible to say that "ritual" and "Church sui iuris" from a canonical and legal point of view are two inseparable aspects of one and the same complex reality that exist in relation to each other and through each other.
Clumsy attempts to deprive the Ruthenian Greek-Catholic Church of its status sui iuris were made from the first days of independence of "Mother Ukraine".
After all, recognition by the Vatican of own particular rite of the Ruthenian people formally did not recognize the longevity of the political regime in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, and emphasized their distinction as a people from their eastern counterparts
During the reign of Pope John Paul II in the Vatican, when his administration was swarming with ethnic Poles and Galicians, "patriots" thought that their dream to deprive the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church of its status sui iuris is within their reach. Exclusively for this purpose, Galicians assigned Slovak-born Milan Shashik as a bishop of Mukachevo Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church. During the “orange regime”, for his faithful service in the interests of the UGCC, former President Yushchenko awarded him with state awards, and even issued a passport with the Ukrainian trident.
However, with the advent to the throne of the Vatican of the new Pope, German Joseph Ratzinger, who cleared his administration from the dominance of the Poles, the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church received a chance to defend her status sui iuris. The Vatican is traditional by nature, and it is unlikely that the Pope would take practical steps to violate the stability of the Greek Catholic Church in Subcarpathian Ruthenia in favour of Ukrainizators…
Flag of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the North Pole. April 15, 2011
Lively reaction to the Resolution of recently held Joint Ruthenian Congress is primarily focused on the importance of conservation of stability and ethnic peace in the region
Sustentation of stability in the region is in the interests of Russia and neighbouring countries in Europe and the EU as a whole. On the one hand, here (unlike anywhere in the world) is observed density of transit east-west flows, and on the other hand, the risk of environmental terrorism.
Since all fresh waters in Hungary and partly Slovakia are formed in the river basins of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, the importance of the problem for our neighbours is evident.
In addition, the growing flow of illegal migrants to Europe passes through the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia; it is in the interests of both the local population and the EU as a whole to take some effective steps to address this problem. Subcarpathian Ruthenians are ready to join in resolving this long-standing issue because public services are often counterproductive or even join criminal groups that promote illegal immigration.
Concordant to this approach to the solution of a number of problems are the radical groups of Ukrainian nationalists. They provoke ethnic strife between Ruthenians and Galicians, and also impose territorial claims on European neighbours, organize raiders (arson of the monument in honour of obtaining a new home by the Hungarians) and create a dissonance in the historically stable region of Eastern Europe.
Obviously, someone greatly benefits from the efforts to write off Ukrainian failures in national policies on support of the Ruthenian movement in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia by the Russian side.
Under such circumstances, the conflict between the Hungarian side and Ukrainian nationalists will only escalate. Ruthenians lived peacefully side by side with the Hungarians over thousands of years. Galician / Ukrainian nationalists’ close relations with Hungary have begun only in the 30's of last century. These relationships from the very beginning were difficult, and involved armed conflicts. The current intensity of emotions suggests that nothing has changed!
On the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Cyrillic (Ukrainian, Russian, Ruthenian) and Latin (Hungarian and Romanian) are both in use, which points to the diversity of our culture. We also have several religious confessions peacefully coexisting. At the present time, the maintenance of such peaceful coexistence of various cultures is very important.
On March 26, took place joint (World and European) Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians in the online mode on the Internet. It was second congress that took place online. Sixty-seven delegates attended it. There were present delegates from: Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Russia, Slovakia, Latvia, and USA. All participants had previously received the draft documents of the Congress. Comments and suggestions were processed and included in the final resolution. As a result of the Congress, voting took place in an online mode, and adopted
Resolution of the 7th European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians and the 4th World Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians
1. One of the main problems of the Ruthenian nation in Ukraine in tough conditions of 19-year ethnocide is lack of recognition of legal rights and freedoms of Subcarpathian Ruthenians by Ukraine; discrimination, judicial repressions, planned displacement of the most of working population of Transcarpathia - Carpathian Ruthenia by the Ukrainian authorities - from their own Ruthenian land and sovereign country.
- Refusal of recognition of the Ruthenian people, their national territory, sovereign rights and international status, acquired by them since 1919;
- A clear threat to human health and life of Ruthenians living at home with a low standard of living, and Ruthenians working abroad in demeaning, difficult and dangerous, almost slave-like conditions;
- Clearly pre-planned crisis of thousands of young Ruthenian families, the decrease of morals, lack of conditions for the birth of children, their full education, training and finding work at home;
- Total information blockade of the Ruthenian people, their media, prohibition
of Ruthenian schools and even classes, opposition to the development of Ruthenian culture and science.
2. Position of activists of the Ruthenian national movement should be adequate to rapidly changing reality, considering:
- Processes of globalization with the plans of proclamation of the Great Hungary, Great Romania, Great Galicia, which may affect the national interests of Ruthenians and their rights in Europe with respect to their neighbours, and "the powerful of this world";
- "Revolutions" in North Africa as a justification for violating the rights of sovereign nations and peoples, the growth of general dissent, pointing to the sentiments of peoples towards identified international humanitarian disasters and misfortunes;
- Galloping rise of prices and catastrophic decline in living standards in pre-default, according to international economists, Ukraine and, at the same time, "dealers" form Kiev and the eastern part of Ukraine, buying out Ruthenian land and real estate.
3. The next tactical step of the Ruthenian movement (in accordance with constant strategic objectives - the legal restoration of pre-Soviet maternal Ruthenian state and its recognition by the EU and Russia) are dictated by the international situation and the impending bankruptcy of the Ukrainian government, which turned the country into a concentration camp for small nations, subjecting them to ethnocide in their own land. Therefore, our common objectives are:
- Providing destructive actions of the Ukrainian intelligence services in the Ruthenian movement, establishment of “clone movements” and pseudo-Ruthenian institutions in order to simulate a split and lack of accord in the Ruthenian movement, to continue the patriotic peaceful work in defence of the Ruthenian people;
- Confirm the legitimacy of the government of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, founded in 1992 in Mukachevo and renewed in October 25, 2008 in Mukachevo, its right to enter into official relations with foreign entities.
- To expose the secret services of Ukraine with regard to their impunity for incitement ethnic hatred through Transcarpathian Ukrainian nationalist organizations such as "Svoboda", which in fact act as their affiliates, with regard to their attempts to split the Ruthenian national movement;
- To expose all the individuals and organizations involved in organized fight against the Ruthenian people, publications in the media and Internet about their criminal activities:
- Continue to promptly inform the Ruthenian people about the situation with the Ruthenian question and the publication of names of official opponents to the will of the people, declared by them on December 1, 1991;
- To publish materials of scientific conferences, research on the history of our people and legal objectives of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia;
- Further codification of Ruthenian language with transfer of all materials to Brussels to the appropriate committee on languages;
- Publication of books, newspapers, magazines and publications in the Ruthenian language;
- Thorough preparation for the census of 2011 in order to prevent rigging of the number of Ruthenians by Ukrainian nationalists, who conducted such fraud through support by security services and guidance of the authorities at the last census;
- Protection from all sorts of provocations of the Ruthenians by Ukrainian Nazis, coordinated with the intelligence agencies;
- Modelling of situations and possible positive solutions of problems, created by Ukraine, which would be also comprehensible for the world community;
- Condemnation of the 19-year criminal anti-Ruthenian policy of the authorities of Ukraine, years of repressions and judicial persecutions of the Ruthenians, recognition of their crimes against humanity with no limitations;
- Improvement and promotion of the Law on Dual Citizenship and the Law on Communities for the residents of the sovereign territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia;
- A positive solution to the closure of a criminal corridor through the autonomous territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians - the drug trafficking and illegal migrants’ passage from Ukraine to the EU.
4. Analysis and evaluation of 19-year-old Subcarpathian Ruthenian national movement for the revival of pre-Soviet status of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia from December 1, 1991 demonstrated:
- Catastrophic natural and legal implications in the fate of Subcarpathian Ruthenian people and their autonomous territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians in Ukraine, and disengagement of the authorities of the Russian Federation and Czech Republic as successors to the treaty between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union from June 29, 1945, from participation in the fate of Subcarpathian Ruthenia - Transcarpathian Ukraine.
- The state discrimination of Subcarpathian Ruthenians in Ukraine caused them to start searching for remedies against Ukrainian Nazism through dual citizenship in neighbouring countries in the EU, preferably, the Czech Republic, as successor to Czechoslovakia, as well as Hungary, which proclaims the protection of all the descendants of citizens of the former Hungarian state, within which was also formed autonomous Ruthenian state "Ruska Krajna" on Dec. 21, 1918.
5. As one of the strategic directions of development of the Ruthenian movement, except cooperation with the EU, to emphasize cooperation with Russia. The main objectives:
- Work towards recognition of Subcarpathian Ruthenia by the Russian Federation;
- Expand cooperation with the Russian national patriotic organizations and the Orthodox Church, who, like Ruthenians, still retain the ancient Russianness;
- Establish a dialogue with the authorities of the Russian Federation, to convey to them the truth about the situation in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia;
- To develop and maintain Russian language in the Subcarpathian Ruthenia, the language of international communication and literary language of all the Eastern Slavs.
6. In the matter of dual nationality for visa-free regime with the EU, we consider it appropriate to recommend WCSR, ECSR and all Ruthenian patriotic organizations:
- To estimate the number of Ruthenians working abroad in the Czech Republic. For this purpose to start a close cooperation with the Czech Republic regarding dual citizenship and, above all, administrative and legislative simplification of obtaining visas by the residents of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia - descendants of the subjects of the first Republic, for temporary and permanent residence in Czech Republic. WCSR is to create and organize non-governmental entities that assist the Ruthenians in the preparation of documents, improving their temporary integration into the modern Czech Republic and EU countries until the time when the Day of Freedom comes to the Ruthenian land.
Chairman of the WCSR: V. Dzhugan
Co-Chair of the ECSR. Fr. Dimytry Sydor
Co-Chair of the ECSR V. Mikulin
Prime Minister of the
Government of RSR P. Getsko
Member of the WCPR A. Matiko
Member of the WCPR B. Lakatos
Signatures of all remaining delegates to the Congress
Decree of the Supreme Council of the USSR from 22 January 1946 since its publication, appears legally null and void To the authorities of the USA, EU, Russia, Ukraine,
representatives of regional authorities,
and the media
To this is attached a Resolution of the Scientifically practical conference on the topic: "65 years of the tragic (for the fate of the Ruthenian people) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR from Jan. 22, 1946", held in Uzhgorod on 22. 01. 2011.
Scientifically practical conference on the topic: "65 years of the tragic (for the fate of the Ruthenian people) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR from Jan. 22, 1946",
Uzhgorod, 22. 01. 2011.
In January 22, 1946, Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR (the representation of Presidium of the Supreme Council of Ukrainian SSR) issued a decree "On the formation of the Transcarpathian region +".
As is well known, on 29 June, 1945, representatives of two countries, from the USSR Minister (Commissioner) FM V. Molotov, and, respectively, from the Czechoslovakia, prime minister Z. Firlinger and Secretary of State V. Klementis, in Moscow signed a treaty on Transcarpathian Ukraine ..." Thus, the subjects of the international agreement were the USSR and Czechoslovakia. Ukrainian SSR, which at that time possessed all the rights of representation in international relations (Article 72 paragraph 5 of the Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR), not only did not sign the treaty, but at its conclusion Ukrainian diplomats were not even present, nor were the representatives of Transcarpathian Ukraine.
In January 22, 1946, one of the subjects of signed international treaty, which not yet entered into force,(USSR), the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR passes a subject of international law Subcarpathian Ruthenia (or using the terminology of the USSR-Subcarpathian Ukraine), in the administration of Ukrainan SSR, but in the status of an ordinary administrative region.
International law permits secession in a form of agreement between all parties concerned, i.e. voluntary consent in accordance with international law. However, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, either in form or in fact could become a legal act providing for the transfer of territory (and especially the subject of international law, Subcarpathian Ruthenia-Transcarpathian Ukraine), from one subject (USSR), to another subject of international relations (Ukrainian SSR ). For such a transfer in international law there is a unique legal form - a treaty, but not a decree.
In law, there is such a thing as a hierarchy of legal norms. International treaties have a hierarchical precedence over any acts of national law, and the norm of law (decree) cannot have more power than the norm of treaty. They should be interpreted to conform to treaty obligations. "None of the parties to the Agreement has a right to restrict or eliminate any obligations contained in international treaties, through a legal act", according to international law.
Thus, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR by its Decree of January 22, 1946, not only violated the Constitution of the USSR, but also completely illegally, unilaterally abolished the subject of international law Subcarpathian Ruthenia (or in the new Stalin’s terminology, Transcarpathian Ukraine"), which is recognized as a subject of international law by the international community, as recorded in the Versailles, Saint-Germaine and the Trianon peace treaties.
In fact, Subcarpathian Ruthenia by the decree of the Supreme Council of 22 January was passed for the temporary administration for an indefinite period. Moreover, the Constitution of Ukraine in the Art.9 gives an exhaustive list of international legal norms forming part of the national legislation of the country, which includes only international agreements consent to be bound by which was given by the Supreme Council of Ukraine.
However, since the treaty "On Transcarpathian Ukraine + " as a subject of international law, signed the USSR, not Ukrainian SSR (and not an independent Ukraine), in accordance with Art. 7 of the Law of Ukraine "On Succession of Ukraine", Ukraine is the only successor to the treaties of the USSR, consent to be bound by which was given by the Supreme Council of Ukraine. Or, in other words, the treaties, consent to be bound by which was not given by the Supreme Council of Ukraine, are not "part of the national legislation of Ukraine" and are regarded invalid in Ukraine.
So far, there is no official act of the Supreme Council of Ukraine on the expression of consent (ratification) of a binding international treaty "On Transcarpathian Ukraine + " from June 29, 1945. Consequently, this treaty is invalid for an independent Ukraine, as well as the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR from 22 January 1946.
After discussing the reports, the participants adopted following resolution:
Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR from 22 January 1946 can not be regarded as legitimate, because it violated the provisions of international law existing at the time. In addition, in this regard, since its publication, it appears legally null and void.
Therefore, all legal relations arising from the declaration of independence of Ukraine between the "Territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians" and Kiev, are illegitimate in the case of ignoring the results of the referendum of Dec. 1, 1991, to grant Transcarpathia status of "special self-governing territory, which is not included in any other administrative-territorial formations, "as legal subject within independent Ukraine.
19-year long repressions and prosecutions of the leaders of the Ruthenian movement by the Ukrainian ruling regime have no legal basis and are listed among crimes against the Ruthenian people. Moreover, such crimes against the people do not have time limitation.
Conference Chairman, Chairman of the Soym of SR Fr. Dimytry Sydor
Conference Secretary Lakatos B. Y.
Defender of the rights and freedoms of the Ruthenian people
(elected by the 2nd European Congress of SR) Onisko A. D.
Chairman of the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians Dzhugan V. M.
Co-Chair of the European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians Mikulin V. I.
Prime Minister of RSR, P. I. Getsko
GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SUBCARPATHIAN RUTHENIA
Uzhgorod 42/1 of 20.01.2011
"Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia regarding the situation with the Ukrainian State loans from the IMF, the opening of 4 points of temporary residence and detention of illegal migrants in Transcarpathia." After receiving two tranches of new stand by loan from the International Monetary Fund last year, Ukraine increased its obligations to the Fund to 9.25 billion SDR (14,12 billion dollars at current exchange rate).
The largest debtor to the IMF is Romania - 9.8 billion SDR, second is Ukraine and third is Greece - 9.13 billion SDR.
In addition, all received credits are sent mostly to Kiev, where their subsequent fate is unknown until the end.
1. Ruthenians would be compelled to refuse to recognize the part of the debt, which Ukraine undertook due to IMF loans, and which "burdens" more than 800 thousand Subcarpathian Ruthenians. It is obvious that all credit resources, provided to the Ukrainian leaders, are not directly related to the Ruthenians living in the autonomous territory to the south of the Carpathians since the referendum from December 1, 1991, when "independent" Ukraine did not include Transcarpathian region of Ukrainian SSR in their legal field with the status of restored pre-Soviet republic. During the administration of "independent" Ukrainian authorities in the territory of the Ruthenians, since
December 1, 1991 until now, Ruthenian people have never been given truthful information about the purpose of obtaining credit resources from the International Monetary Fund.
2. Ruthenians are opposed to arrangement of points of temporary residence and detention of illegal migrants in the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians, in any form whatsoever. The European Union, using the formal consent of the authorities of Ukraine, is going to sign a contract on the construction of dozens of points of temporary residence and detention of illegal migrants in the Ruthenian Transcarpathia, dumping them from their own historical territory, reported the Delegation of the European Union in Ukraine.
In Chop (Transcarpathian region), they are planning to equip a retention point for up to
66 migrants. In addition, in Transcarpathian region is planned an equipment of three small settlements for 10 persons each.
In this regard, the Government of RSR refers to the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians to support the initiative of the Government, and forward the relevant joint (of the Government of the RSR and the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians), letter of application on disputed issues, endangering the safety of the Ruthenian people in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians:
- On IMF loans, appeal to the IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn;
- On the detention points of temporary and illegal migrants in Ukraine, to the European Parliament of the EU
Signature: P.I .Getsko
SSU forced the leader of the Ruthenians testify about the alleged incitement to armed rebellion
The Nazi Security Services spread rumours that Ruthenians call to arms, to cover rabid terrorism of Galician Nazis and their agents Ivan Rusyn: Ruthenians warned! The Nazi Security Service spread a rumour that the Ruthenians call to arms against Ukraine. This is a frantic rush to cover overt terrorism of the Galician Nazis, in fact agents of the SSU. Almost all the nationalist organizations were staffed by agents of the Security Service, which operated against Ruthenians in Transcarpathia on the orders of the SSU.
This time SSU agents went out of control and began to shoot and burn. Here it is - the true face of Ukrainian Nazism, organized by the SSU.
I was visited by the representative of the SSU, who forced me to testify about alleged incitement to armed insurrection, rumours of which they spread in order to cover Galician catastrophe, actually a catastrophe of the SSU. The CIA has given birth to Bin Laden; the SSU has given birth to Nazi organizations in Ukraine accordingly, which went out of control, fussed in the SSU criminals against their own people.
With all that, Galician fascists themselves openly and officially declare that they will go to war with Donetsk and 'silence the Asian dogs'.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN, Article 19:
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
Note the absence of any additional restrictions in the Article 19, such as "hate or incitement of national, racial or religious hatred." That is, the person has a right to any belief: fascist, anti-fascist, Zionist, anti-Semitic, racist, anti-racist, Christian, anti-Christian, etc. Moreover, he has the right to spread their beliefs by any means.
Thus, all laws or regulations that restrict the dissemination of accurate information under the cover of "hate or incitement of national, racial or religious hatred", is contrary to the Declaration of Human Rights and is legally void, as a legislation at a lower level.
..... And another one of the same kind: In Uzhgorod was created an initiative group of 20 people in order to conduct a referendum of distrust in the incumbent President and the Supreme Council. Once the news about this event has become widely publicized, the police raided homes of those who participated in the rally.
As the press service of the Transcarpathian regional party organization, representatives of the Party All-Ukrainian Union "Batkivshyna", law enforcement officers questioned people about other participants of the assembly and forced them to write explanatory notes, thus trying to put pressure on them.
It is known that the current government, headed by the president, is trying to turn Ukraine into a police state led by an authoritarian leader. Those who take a proactive stance and do not agree with the anti-people policies of Viktor Yanukovych, they are trying to break down psychologically, morally, or even through the use of physical force. Unfortunately, the law enforcement authorities instead of forces to protect citizens and the rule of law, gradually transform into an instrument of pressure and intimidation, and resort to gross violations of the law themselves.
The country has a climate of fear, uncertainty and distrust, where dictators and police feel the best of all.
Local authorities are trying to avoid actions, which could put the President into a rage. Apparently, that is why the initiative group was refused registration.
We would like to hear a response from law enforcement officials of Uzhgorod as by which exactly norm of the Law of Ukraine "On All-Ukrainian and local referendums" were guided law enforcement officers when they visited participants of assembly and demanded to write an explanation.
What Rusyn (head of the Transcarpathian Department of Internal Affairs) missed in 2004? He will soon have to go back into hiding for the cop lawlessness…
Change of foreign policy of Hungary in the light of established new realities
in the Subcarpathian Ruthenia The fact that Ukraine was forced to accept Hungarian policy towards the Hungarian Diaspora, points at the weakness of Ukraine, its complete failure to respond adequately to external challenges in modern politics. However, this does not mean that the proposed policy of Hungary would be fully accepted by the Ruthenians. Another attempt to decide the fate of the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians without the involvement of the Ruthenians themselves, this time by Hungary, would be met with the same reaction: from sharp rebuff to the total rejection and hostility. What Hungary is planning to do is not a unilateral process, there are at least two and maybe three or more parties to the process. However, without participation of the subject-Ruthenian people, any initiative and signed documents will not receive further legitimization, particularly from the Ruthenians. Hungary repeats the mistakes of "independent" Ukraine of 1991, when the results of the Transcarpathian regional referendum were not recognized...
Hungary is building a new policy in respect of its Diaspora, which essentially changed the entire strategy of foreign policy of Budapest. Apparently, it is natural. However, even a one-sided discussion on part of Hungary of the future of the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians without participation of the Ruthenians equals to the saying: "do not trouble trouble until trouble troubles you." This for now is in fact the informational sabotage against the stability in Central Europe (especially considering the anti-Hungarian position of Slovakia). Therefore, such a policy, especially concerning the Ruthenian territory to the South of the Carpathians, instead of discussing reasonable options of "changing the foreign policy of Hungary in the light of new realities prevailing in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians", is reduced to the statement: "The main thing is to start, and then we'll see. This is not an adequate solution to this problem. What it means to "change course" without the consent of entities of one of the proposed changes?
In this case, from the outset there is being driven a wedge between the Ruthenians and Hungarians, Hungary and the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians. Any suspicion of potential sabotage forces us to take counter-measures. Thus, we will take practical steps on both sides to prevent the deterioration of already controversial Subcarpathian Ruthenian-Hungarian relations.
We should begin only with the most common issues, indisputable for both sides of the Hungarian Diaspora. Dual citizenship with the formula "One Country - Subcarpathian Ruthenia, several nationalities, in exchange for one nationality, two countries, two nationalities," - would be a first step, against which the majority of Ruthenians do not object, unlike Slovakia for example, and then it would be possible to determine the rest in the process of negotiations. However, if the proposed by the Ruthenians formula of "Change of the foreign policy of Hungary in the light of new realities prevailing in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians" would not be taken into account, then change of the attitude to Hungary by the Ruthenians could take a month, maximum two. This should be primary concern of Hungary itself. There is no reason for the Ruthenians to quarrel with Hungary. Therefore, there is a need to change the course systematically, through compromise, based on evolving circumstances.
On the other hand, Hungary needs guarantees - who, in what way, by what means would implement changes? And most importantly, how would Hungary implement its foreign policy in Transcarpathia- Subcarpathian Ruthenia without the consent of one of the actors involved - the Ruthenian people, when the Ruthenian question resonates not only in the EU?
By the way, if the Hungarians in Transcarpathia are so strong, popular and able to lead the nation, why they obtained so few votes in the elections? Who will give Hungary guarantees in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia? Only real power can give such guarantees. Is it clan of V. Baloga that was caught at the vote buying, or Ukrainian Hungarians? Doubtfully so.
Gradually emerging future contours of the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians without Ukraine, Subcarpathian Ruthenia without the domination of the Ukrainian nationalists, Ukrainian and foreign dictatorships, Subcarpathian Ruthenia without Ukrainian oligarchic fascism, Subcarpathian Ruthenia for the people and not for a handful of parasites, who "privatized" Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia...
There also begun to form relationships of territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians with neighbouring states. What they will be like in the future depends not only on the first steps of the Subcarpathian Ruthenia, but also on the neighbouring Central European countries.
Summary results of the Ruthenian movement for two years Within 2 years Ruthenian movement managed to achieve seemingly impossible, namely to declare itself as a real political force, force that can compete with Ukrainian sympathisers’ movement. Thanks to the wise use of new information technologies, Ruthenian movement operates freely in areas, where concerned persons are unlikely to affect it. Thus, the Ruthenian movement, being in the centre of political events, exercises itself as though outside the political rules, imposed by the Ukrainian state.
Our progress towards goals surpassed all expectations.
Our most effective bet was not a parapolitical movement, associated with crime and provocateurs, but a structure of social networks.
While the Ruthenian National Movement is not anti-Semitic in effect, Ruthenians want to live in a country with limited number migrants.
The definition of "Subcarpathian Ruthenia” became a familiar political term, just as the term "territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians". Subcarpathian Ruthenia in political terms has remained "just a region" in Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities did not want to recognize the Ruthenians as a separate people, but it is precisely this short-sighted political position of Ukraine towards the "Ruthenian question" that contributed the most to the revival of the Ruthenian movement...
Ruthenians have realized that any change is possible only when one stops being afraid, and they ceased to be afraid of Ukraine and the Ukrainian government.
Of course, the meeting of Soym of SR in December 2007 in Svalyava launched the Ruthenian movement, as we know it today. There was chosen a direction, which Ruthenian movement follows almost to this day. However, the most resonant of course was the 2nd European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians in Mukachevo. Next in importance is the judicial process initiated by Ukraine against the Ruthenian people... Of the key events of 2008, it is certainly impossible not to mention breaking the door of the Orthodox Church and the search of altar and the whole church by the Secret Services. The homes of Ruthenian activists were also searched. Several hundred Ruthenians were called for questioning in the SSU.
In 2008, were held more than 20 scientific-practical conferences on the Ruthenian issues, including international ones. Ruthenian conference in Rostov in December 2008 was quite significant.
In 2010, we finally brought the Ruthenian issue and its consideration outside of Ukraine. We held protests near the Ukrainian representative offices in Russia, Latvia, Germany, and Czech Republic…
Ruthenian question from the discussion of "autonomy within Ukraine"
was finally transferred to the status of international recognition of the recovered
in December the 1st , 2008, statehood of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
05/07/2009 in the social network "Odnoklassniki" was launched a group "Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This event was significant in the sense that for the first time we have been able to demonstrate wide support of the Ruthenian movement. Number of members of the group and its dynamics speak for themselves… The group
totals 12,8 thousand of participants. Ruthenian movement attracted many youth, became trendy and attractive.
In 2008-2009, we worked out the legal rationale of statehood of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Subcarpathian Ruthenian economic doctrine, the memorandum of the Government of RSR, Ruthenian concept.
Despite the variability of the policies of Russia and the EU, the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, being in the strategically important geographic region, is doomed to remain at the junction of east and west, irrespective of the geopolitical moment.
In a short period of time Ruthenian issue became the topic of discussions at all levels, gets published in many leading political publications, and is shown on leading TV channels, not only Cyrillic, but also English ones. Ruthenian Information System covers more than 100 thousand correspondents worldwide. All this was implemented in the conditions of pseudo-democratic Ukraine, where intimidation, threats (including those of journalists) have become the norm. People, who have been living for centuries in their native land, have no right to exist, allegedly while under the supervision of the democratic forces in Europe, in the territory, where in addition to civil servants there are no workplaces, where even for communication in their native language people automatically get laid off from work.
Ruthenian movement became a constituent factor in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians. The rise in popularity of the Ruthenian movement in recent years throughout the world has become a trend, particularly noticeable in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians.
In order to move on, Ruthenian movement needs a fulcrum, to assess the achievements and failures over the past period, and outline a plan to implement in the future. In addition, a number of myths created by Ukraine about the Ruthenian movement, directly or indirectly were blocking its further development.
Belief of many in the anti-Ruthenian myths is a direct consequence of 20-year Ukrainian "brainwashing.” However, the myth making is present in the history of any country. It is very important for the Ruthenians now to deconstruct the myths created by Ukraine.
One of those myths is a dissent within the Ruthenian movement. Ukraine is constantly trying to indicate a split in the Ruthenian movement (in other words a weakness and disunity of the Ruthenians) that supposedly exists to this day. It uses information about the movement from 2007-2008, when officially dominated two Ruthenian structures: the Soym of SR and PCRT (People‘s Council of the Ruthenians of Transcarpathia).
Let us start with the fact that many cultures have experienced splits, and various kinds of mutations. A new culture always emerges as the next version of the existing one. People with a different attitude to reality are breaking away from the old community for various reasons. As Lev Gumilev would say, these are people with another "stereotypical behaviour." Once in Rome gathered people, who had fled from different tribes, and made a community of citizens, who came to live under the new rules. These rules were so effective that Rome was able to subdue the former Italy and all the antique Ecumene. Something similar actually happened and is happening now in the Ruthenian movement.
The dynamics of the processes that occurred in 2008-2010 in Subcarpathian Ruthenia - Transcarpathia, and Ruthenian movement worldwide, has completely changed its meaning. It really became popular. Ruthenian movement has become a constituent factor in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians. Ruthenian movement became the Youth movement.
Format of public organizations such as PCRT proved to be unsustainable, has sunk into oblivion, and failed to lead a mass organization. It has outlived its usefulness as such. The failure of the festival "Chervena Ruzha" (Red Rose) in 2010 in Mukachevo is a clear confirmation of this fact. Neither support of the Ukrainian authorities, nor the support of Transcarpathian clans-oligarchic groups, can create even the appearance that some organization or event exists at the behest of the heart, not created, or performed only for a show.
Format of the Soym of SR, unfortunately, too, does not correspond to Ukrainian realities due to blocking of any activities of the Soym of SR by Ukrainian intelligence organizations. This fact of the SSU intervention and human rights violations is noted in the PACE document on Ukraine. During this time were formed the European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians (ECSR), World Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians (WCSR), and the World Council of Subcarpathian Ruthenians, which dramatically changed the dynamics of the international Ruthenian movement.
Attempts of the Ukrainian intelligence to provide analysis of the Ruthenian movement from the position of having only two structures does not give explanations of the reasons for which, after December 2008 - January 2009, after the searches, interrogations, removal of office equipment and documentation, Ruthenian movement became more active. This means that analysts have missed something important in the Ruthenian movement. Explanation for the increased popularity of the movement is very simple - it moved to the network, its structure has changed shape. It is no longer only members of the Soym of SR, the movement joined the youth who are not related to the Soym of SR, even less so to the PCRT. By the way, PCRT categorically rejects and does not recognize network structures. Another part is a free people, migrant workers who build their lives independently from the Ukrainian state.
Aside from the fact of emergence of this third additional force in the Ruthenian movement in 2008-2009, there is no other explanation and other reasons for the changes. Ruthenian movement became popular not only in Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia. If the earlier Ruthenian movement was mainly confined to two issues-the recognition of the Ruthenian people and implementation of the results of the referendum of 1991, the updated Ruthenian movement has affected the whole complex of socio-economic challenges of the future territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians.
Currently, the group "Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia", consisting of 12,7 thousand members in a social network "Odnoklassniki" (Schoolmates), could be compared to any significant political project in Ukraine, such as PR, "Batkivschina", UC, not to mention Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia, where they do not have competitors. They lead not only in terms of growth of the number of members in a short time and high degree of political self-organization of the Ruthenian movement, but also in the ability to act in the conditions of modern Ukraine, which means complete boycott of everything that does not have a seal of approval of the Ukrainian authorities. Ruthenian movement in Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia became the most popular in the region among youth under 30.
Ukrainian authorities have not managed to turn the Ruthenian movement of political power into a group of outcasts, against which one can apply the most stringent methods of control. Ukraine was not ready to deal with network structures of the Ruthenian movement. It appears, without revolutions and without the chaos, it is possible to make the transition to the new status of the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians. In this respect, Ruthenian movement is represented not by radicals, extremists and troublemakers, but the inhabitants of Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, who solve their problems despite the fact that the Ukrainian government does not want to not only deal with them, but also even acknowledge them. If the Ukrainian government does not solve problems of the Ruthenian people, then at some point Ruthenians begin to address them in a ways, available to them.
Mass character of the movement contributes to clarification of the situation to every sane person in Transcarpathia - Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
This issue must be addressed. Without naming the disease, one cannot cure it. What happened must have happened. Many wonder why this has not happened before. Ukraine is now reaping the benefits of its policies towards the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, which the Ukrainian authorities conducted over the past 20 years.
Parties, rallies, processions, crowds, revolutions, elections are inorganic and inefficient, and these are not our methods of struggle. Our strength lies not in the acts of civil disobedience (which would be premature), not in the protests (which would be meaningless in the conditions of the Ukrainian yoke), not in the rallies (which would be ineffective). Ruthenian movement created its playground and its own rules. Ruthenian network in the Internet, as clearly demonstrated and approved by the time, appears to be the most suitable for us.
Ukraine's GDP is half of Poland’s with a larger population, whilst Poles in Europe are considered poor. Budget of Ukraine - 50 billion dollars, slightly less than Ireland's budget (55 billion for 0.5 million population). People have realized that nothing good could be expected, and everything that comes from the current administration is a bunch of lies. TV reports are radically different from the real situation.
The path of the Ruthenian movement is obvious and only possible, namely - the international recognition of the restoration of the statehood of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, creation of jobs and social protection for all citizens of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. There is a need to encourage and promote innovations, build domestic industry and agriculture, maintain and promote Human Rights, a man- creator and man- humanist; ruthlessly root out corruption, drug addiction, alcoholism, lack of spirituality; raise educational level, faithfully serve the community...
Ruthenian people woke up from lethargy, during which there were attempts to destroy their culture in any possible way.
Now it is a reality that everyone has to admit!
Hungary and the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, the Hungarians and the Ruthenians The history of relations and connection between these territories and peoples has more than one century, but their level of importance is seen differently from various positions.
Today it is much more relevant to assess the perspective of the future relationship depending on the development of our cooperation. So far, we have presented three possible scenarios. Let us have a look at the worst one.
1. If Hungary cooperates with the current Ukrainian authorities in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Ruthenian position towards Hungary from the day one would be the same as towards Ukraine, which is much worse than relation of Slovakia to the Hungarian issue is.
This is because the Ukrainian government in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia is associated with all the troubles faced by Ruthenians, and today with the odious figure of V. Baloga and his clan as well. To date, the persecutions of the Ruthenian people are associated with his personality, since he was the head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine. As if to confirm this, before the election he publicly renounced his ancestors.
All of his subsequent fraud of massive bribery of voters in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia resulted in nothing; - he got just over 10% of the votes, but in reality hardly 5% of the votes.
The recent scandal involving a deputy-paedophile is the most obvious and clear example of the moral degradation of party members of loser V. Baloga - United Centre.
Ruthenians always expressed negative attitude towards non-traditional sexual orientation.
Besides, he was worthless as a business executive and a public official. It was during his regency that our region slid into an economic abyss. The number of labour migrants in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia during this period increased by more than 200,000.
According to the website
it was V. Baloga, who played the card of "new young fascists from All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda", and, most importantly, offered organizational and financial support for the election of the nationalist party of Tyahnybok in western Ukraine.
It is equally important that the ideology of his party's UC is oligarchic fascism. It is almost like with the Galician All-Ukrainian Union “Svoboda”, whose objectives are Ukrainization of entire population, a single ideological interpretation of history => uniformity of thought, Russo-phobia and Rutheno-phobia, and some other issues. Indeed, if they united, they would create a threat to civil law in the region, particularly the rights of minorities. Ruthenians are still able to distinguish patriots from the Nazis, because infringement of the rights of Ruthenians, Hungarians and other ethnic minorities, not to mention the corruption of power, came from them. V. Baloga and his team are accused of the consequences of floods in Transcarpathia, because the clan of V. Baloga has been in power within the past 10 years. Talks about the unfortunate accident might have occurred in 1998, when this disaster happened for the first time. Subsequently, the floods occurred regularly, approximately every three years. Flood can be successfully controlled, certainly not after it has already begun, but in a pre-planned way, eliminating all the problem areas. Transcarpathia will be subject to flooding as long as they steal the money allocated for the construction of dams, because just a month ago, the regional authorities boasted of how successful they were at building dams, while the very first flood demolished these dams as if they were made of paper.
This suggests that these dams were poorly constructed; all that could be stolen was stolen, therefore, with such a leadership our Transcarpathia is stamped in floods, and will be stamped in the future.
On May 3, Institute of Mass Information and the Kyiv Independent Media Trade Union published a list of ten Ukrainian politicians and public figures, which tend to inhibit the activities of the media the most, reports Correspondent. net ".
Eighth place went to Viktor Baloga - the former head of the secretariat of Viktor Yushchenko. He was included in the list because of his addiction to litigations with reporters.
Transcarpathians avoid V. Baloga and his clan, as if they had a leper.
2. Hungary would place their bets on Transcarpathian Hungarians.
As it was very clearly observed, there is a prevalence of socio-economic trends over nationalist ones in the region. That is, two Transcarpathian Hungarian parties are actually copying their donors in Hungary: The Democratic Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (Istvan Gaydosh) - Socialist KMKS, Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (Miklos Kovacs) - Liberals, who are actively competing with each other inside Transcarpathia, therefore pushing nationalistic factor to the second place.
The results of the two Hungarian parties, which totalled 3.8%, are surprisingly low, - Democratic Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (15,351 people), and Transcarpathian regional organization of a political party KMKS "Party of Hungarians of Ukraine " (20,456 people). As a political force, Hungarians in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, with a population of just over 12% showed the results of only 3.8%!?
Incidentally, in Beregovo number of Roma increased by 76%, with an average regional index of 15%. In the early 90’s Transcarpathian Hungarians actively immigrated to Hungary, now the migration flow is more even. Current economic problems in Hungary affected its own people, not just our emigrants. Hungarian villages in Transcarpathia- Subcarpathian Ruthenia are perfectly healthy socially, full of youth, with normally functioning households.
However, in most populated by Hungarians parts of Transcarpathia (Beregovo district and Beregovo), natural population decline is the largest in the region. Moreover, all this despite the fact that in the vast majority of districts of Transcarpathia there is a population growth.
Thus, this option is less painful than the previous one; however, in a very short period hostility threatens to escalate to the level of rejection, just as in the first option.
3. Hungary (as well as any other state) is working to resolve the Ruthenian question. The correct policy in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians is a policy that suits the Ruthenians. Even perfect, super-tolerant, super-liberal, perfectly accepted by all except the Ruthenians in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia policy, would be a bad policy, doomed to failure. For example, Ruthenians are not against dual citizenship, but on the other hand, they estimate present economic situation of Hungary and Ukraine, and Hungary and Slovakia.
They compare not only political, but also economic models. Imperial tendencies of Hungary are sidelined, as compared to the economic well-being, which is now main preoccupation of the Ruthenians, along with the socialization of the state.
Ukraine, refusing to recognize Ruthenians, a priori took the position of Galicia! Hungary and Slovakia recognized Ruthenians.
Galician and pro-Galician forces, which are represented in the region by party clan of
V. Baloga, do not fit into any other schemes neither in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians, nor in Hungary or Slovakia or in Poland and Romania.
At the same time, Ruthenians perfectly fit into Hungarian, Slovak, Polish, Romanian, and many other communities. Central European countries should realize that without a compromise with the Ruthenians, there would be a foundation already at the start for such a relationship, as it is now between the Ruthenians and Ukrainians/Galicians, or between Slovakia and Hungary, which threatens to aggravate the situation even more. Therefore, anyway, to save face, Russia, Hungary, Slovakia... would have to not only recognize the legitimacy of the transition to the restoration of statehood in the territory of the Ruthenians to the South of the Carpathians - the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, but also recognize new leaders of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. We are faced with a very interesting lesson in democratic flexibility.
The representative of the Ruthenians Fr. Dimytry Sydor took part in the 4th European Russian Forum. From 29 to 30 November 2010, the European Parliament in Brussels hosted an international conference and the 4-th European Russian Forum, which was attended by representative of the Ruthenians in the European Democratic Alliance, Archpriest Dimytry Sydor.
The representative of Subcarpathian Ruthenians in the European Alliance read a report on the state of human rights and freedoms in Ukraine and evidenced continuing discrimination and ethnocide of the Ruthenian nation, with clear signs of genocide. There is a continuing defamation of the Ruthenians in the media, and judicial repressions against them.
European politicians were also made aware of the bankruptcy of the court system in Ukraine, which is unable to ensure fair trials, retained only a semblance of a fair trial, and has long turned into a shameful violation of rights of hundreds of thousands of people.
At a meeting in Brussels was also discussed the impoverishment of the people, total absence of a free press, corruption, bureaucracy in law enforcement bodies and prosecution in courts, and crimes of intelligence, fighting with the Ruthenian people by the means of prohibited methods.
There has been resentment of those present when the delegates learned about how the Ukrainian officials disfigured "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages", which was designed to maintain and support the dying languages of small nations. Participants perceived as a mockery of the Charter that among those dying languages were ranked ... Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Hungarian and other very mush alive languages, whilst language of the Ruthenian nation - Ruthenian, was rudely rejected by the authorities.
Besides other issues, the forum made recommendations to President Dmitry Medvedev regarding his upcoming talks with the EU.
Sydor Anna Iosyphovna, as an employee of the newspaper "The Christian family", was also present at the Forum.
The Ruthenians have a goal, while Ukraine does not have one.
Ruthenians are not national or cultural minority of the Ukrainian people or an ethnic group that belongs to the Ukrainian nation. Ruthenians worldwide have their own ethnic and cultural identity, based on the Slavic tradition, which differs from the "Ukrainian". When Ruthenian identifies himself as Ruthenian, he does not identify himself with the Ukrainian people. Ethnonym "Ruthenian" is much older than "Ukrainian" and it equally belongs to all the Eastern Slavs and Holy Russia.
On the Internet could be found plenty of material about the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, which was proclaimed in the Transcarpathian region, but operates mainly in the virtual space. What is Subcarpathian Ruthenia - part of the Russian world or part of Central Europe? We interview the prime minister of this formally yet unrecognized republic of the Ruthenians - Petr Ivanovich Getsko.
Petr Ivanovich Getsko was born Jan. 1, 1965, in the village Kushnitsa Irshava district, Transcarpathian region, in a large family. After graduating high school in Kushnitsa in 1981, he worked as a bricklayer in the construction department of the 52nd trust "Lvovzhilstroy". In 1983, he was called up for military service in the airborne troops. He served in the Baltic States and Moldova.
He is a candidate for Master of Sport in Sambo. After serving in the army, entered the Faculty of Automation and Electronics at Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, from where he graduated with a degree in systems engineering. Afterwards, he worked in Kiev in JSC “Rostock“. Since 1997, he heads the public organization "Employment". He joined the Ruthenian movement in 1996. At the II European Congress of Subcarpathian Ruthenians was elected Prime Minister of the Government of the Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia.
- Peter Ivanovich, what prompted Ruthenians to define their self-identity? Almost half a century (since the accession to the Soviet Union in 1945 and until now), they considered themselves to be Ukrainians, and then suddenly "realized the mistake," and declared themselves a separate Ruthenian nation? - First of all, I would like to mention briefly that there is a false impression about the inhabitants of Western Ukraine, - that they are all 100% Bandera nationalists. Not many know that Lvov and Uzhgorod represent two different mentalities and cultures, even though they are close neighbours. In 1946, all Ruthenians of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in the census were recorded Ukrainians: the authorities promptly issued new birth certificates in which all the inhabitants of Transcarpathia became Ukrainians, and their place of birth was changed for USSR, instead of Austria-Hungary or Czechoslovakia. The state did everything to strengthen the Ukrainian influence in the region, in particular, supported the resettlement of ethnic Ukrainians from Central Ukraine and Galicia, and replaced the language of study in almost all schools for Ukrainian. In such circumstances, self-identity of the Ruthenians became impossible, and sometimes even dangerous…
In all countries where Ruthenians live, they are considered a separate minority group. However, in Ukraine, even after the collapse of the Soviet Union and independence, almost nothing has changed in the Ruthenian issue - much of the population of the Transcarpathian region (Ruthenians) live with "Ukrainian" self-identity not knowing Ruthenian language, culture, or history, because the authorities continue to argue that the Ruthenians are "part of the Ukrainian people."
Still yet, I would highlight 1991 (the year of the collapse of the USSR) in the history of the Ruthenian nation. For the Ruthenian intelligentsia this period provided the impetus for unity of the Ruthenian nation, shaping the Ruthenian self-identity. The reason, in my opinion, was the threat of takeover of Ruthenians by Galicia. Galicians were hoping that they surely would be able to make the Ruthenians not only speak, but also think solely in Ukrainian, despite the fact that the Hungarians did not make us speak and think in Hungarian over 900 years of their rule over us!
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ruthenian intellectuals began discussing the Ruthenian national identity, development of the Ruthenian nation, adopted first Ruthenian declarations. The essence of the problems of the Ruthenians is expressed in the necessity of a clear definition of the nation's two main positions - separation of the ethnic territory (to the south of the Carpathians) and national identification. In 1991, the Ruthenians had the same foundation for their independent state as Ukraine. Yet still, having put trust in Ukraine, Ruthenian elite offered steps for implementation of autonomous status of the Ruthenians within Ukraine - peacefully, in accordance with relevant legal mechanisms (through referendum). I would like to note that the Ruthenians are peaceful and trustworthy people, and therefore the option to solve their problems was based on their confidence in Ukraine.
I would like to remind that in December 1991, in compliance with all legislations and regulations was conducted a referendum on the independence of Ukraine, which discussed the question of granting Transcarpathia status of self-governing territory. As a result, the will the Ukrainian people was implemented, but the will of the Ruthenian people was ignored ... but in those conditions, Ruthenians, of course, could not have foreseen such a deceit on the part of Ukraine. Therefore, later, in 1993, Ruthenians formed their own provisional government with the Prime Minister Professor Ivan Turyanitsa, and continued to fight for the recognition of the Ruthenian nation.
In 1996, Ukraine once again subjected Ruthenians to even bigger shock, when unveiled its State "Action Plan to address the issues of Ukrainians-Ruthenians." This document intended to conduct a series of measures aimed at strengthening Ukrainization of Transcarpathia (in particular on issues of language, culture, employment preferences), as well as integration of the population of Transcarpathia in the socio-political, spiritual and cultural space of Ukraine, that is, the assimilation of Ruthenians in the Ukrainian ethnic environment . Therefore, back then Ruthenian activists made their final decision about the necessity to secede from Ukraine. SSU in response began to infiltrate the Ruthenian movement with their agents, whose "impact" essentially reduced to "writing letters".
In 2007, new people took the leadership of the Ruthenian movement. They analyzed all the setbacks and failures, have developed a new tactic. As from December 2007, we have not changed this tactic. We fully agreed with the chosen path. In addition, the new team is formed from reliable people, who do not succumb to provocations. The new leadership of the Ruthenian movement resolves issues with funding, personnel, and information support without any problems. In addition, I would like to note that now we can only rely upon our own resources and ourselves, not on the resources of Moscow, Budapest and 6 other foreign capitals, whom "conscious" accused of supporting the Ruthenian movement. We now liaised with the Ruthenian Diaspora around the world, and within three years brought up the consideration Ruthenian issue on a global level, outside of Ukraine.
- The official position of Kiev for all these years have been expressing opinions of Galicia that all Ukrainians had called themselves Ruthenians, and later began identify themselves as Ukrainians. How do you comment on such a position? - There is one significant difference: Subcarpathian Ruthenians have always called themselves so, up until now. Historical heritage links them with the Carpathian territory, but not with the new Ukrainian nation and the ideology that emerged in the early twentieth century. In the historic cultural heritage and memory of today's Ruthenians there is no sense of belonging to the history of the Ukrainian people, in particular the reasons for national pride in Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Franko and other heroes of Ukrainian historical myths, and even less so in Mazepa, Bandera, and Shukheyvich.
As once did Austria-Hungary, Ukraine now persecutes the Ruthenians. Galicians use this fact in their attempt to nullify the Ruthenian question in modern Ukraine. What can I say! I could mention as an example an attempt of political persecution of father Dimytry Sydor for separatism, at the request of the Security Services, issued by Galicians without any facts, but merely nationalist slogans. Ruthenians smashed to smithereens all charges against father Dimytry in court, having opposed life pragmatism and the will to survive in impossible conditions of Ukrainian reality, to the nationalistic sentiments of Galicians. Ruthenians demonstrated their will to survive throughout whole period of “independence” of Ukraine, including the government of Yanukovych. Our difference from Galicians is benevolent and respectful attitude towards the Russian language and Russians.
In addition, Ruthenians defend their independence only in their territory to the south of the Carpathians, where they already had the experience of an independent state. On the contrary, Galicians, who have been unable to create statehood even before, began their ideological expansion throughout Ukraine. Although, if they concentrated their efforts only on their three regions, their success could have been much greater. For a start, they could demonstrate their power at a regional level. That is, Ruthenians concentrate their energy within, Galicians, on the contrary, waste it on external causes…
There are so many differences between the Galicians and Ruthenians. Behind the apparent similarity and closeness lies an abyss of contradictions. Of course, we understand that part of Transcarpathians during forced assimilation forgot ethnonym "Ruthenians." However, instinctively, at the subconscious level, Ruthenians feel their own particularity and mental distance from Galicians. Ruthenians are not national or cultural minority of the Ukrainian people, not an ethnic group that belongs to the Ukrainian nation. Ruthenians worldwide have their own ethnic and cultural identity, based on the Slavic tradition, which differs from the "Ukrainian". When Ruthenian calls himself a Ruthenian, he does not identify himself with the Ukrainian people. Ethnonym "Ruthenian" is much older than etnonim "Ukrainian" and equally belongs to all the Eastern Slavs and Holy Russia.
- How do you assess the ideological methods of Galicians? - For their ideological work Galicians use methods, founded in due time by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. They are based on terrorism and intimidation. For instance, Tyagnibok now uses aggressive street opposition. As for us, as the basis of our ideological work, we use scientific conferences, congresses and individual promotional activities with the Ruthenians, and the result is obvious. Last year alone, Ruthenian movement joined more than 10 thousand people. In addition, Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathian are now talked about.
If earlier talks about the Ruthenians were just hypothetical, as of fourth East Slavic nation, now, referring to the Ruthenians, there is understanding of a particular place of their residence and number. Thanks to the activity of the Ruthenian movement in Ukraine, Ruthenian organizations around the world have also boosted their activity.
At the same time, Galician activity decreases. They compromised Ukrainian idea by their actions. They have no positive role models. This is evident in their organizations. Earlier it was said about Ruthenian organizations that they were small, and didn‘t have many members. Now there are exactly same talks about shrinking of Ukrainian Nationalists’ movements. Ruthenian organizations are gaining in popularity, especially among youth. Ruthenian movement is joined by unaffiliated to the various "isms" youth. In contrast, the Galician nationalist movement is joined by quite aggressive youth.
- What in your opinion are the reasons for the successful revival of the Ruthenian identity in Transcarpathia? - The Ruthenian movement has a purpose; there is the Ruthenian idea, Ruthenian ideology, a program of socio-economic and cultural revival of the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians, while Ukraine has no purpose, no plan. Providing there is no plan (other than the Ukrainian State Action Plan for the assimilation of the Ruthenians), there is no structure behind this plan. Although the structure is still there - the state apparatus is working, there is no meaning in this work. If we multiply the economic crisis in Ukraine with planned "economic reforms", respectively, we could find out the reasons for success in the revival of the Ruthenian identity in Transcarpathia.
- Petr Ivanovich, thank you for your interview. If our readers have questions, they can pose them to our interlocutor in his online blog at
Text prepared by Sergei Siberiakov
Primary preliminary conclusions regarding local "elections" in Transcarpathia-
Subcarpathian Ruthenia 1. Ruthenian movement did not violate its two taboos: not to take part in mass rallies and not to take part in the Ukrainian elections.
2. The last local elections were attended by nearly 530,000 Transcarpathians, who participated in voting. Therefore, there is no sufficient reason to consider it the people's will; in fact, a little over half the adult population of the region took part in these elections. They were mostly executives, civil servants, employees of budgetary institutions, war and labour veterans. The most influential representatives of local population, unfortunately, are working far from parental homes and could not take part in the elections.
3. According to preliminary results of the "elections", the statement of the party leaders of the United Centre before the election that they purport to enter the top three all-Ukrainian political parties, turned into a fiasco for them. Ukrainian edition of the "Weekly Mirror" called the United Centre "mini party ", and the people immediately after the elections called them loser party.
4. Before the elections, Viktor Baloga renounced his ancestors, when he declared himself a Ukrainian, and regarding the issue of recognition of the Ruthenian people in Ukraine, said it was not relevant! Immediately after this statement, the people called him quisling, and after the elections also a trickster.
5. During the "elections", the party United Centre conducted massive bribery of voters. Even at the headquarters of UC, no one denies this fact.
6. These "elections" revealed true colours of V. Baloga. "Tiger" Baloha turned up to be made of paper for Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia; forasmuch as show the results of the "elections"; even massive bribery did not help. Viktor Baloga cannot claim to be the 'master' of Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, he can lead one of the many clans, but nothing more than that. If he used a bribe, it means that he was afraid of manifestation of the real will of the people; therefore, he used conspicuous "legitimacy" simply to justify the right to rule.
7. Baloha chose political niche of right-wing Ukrainian nationalists, anti-Ruthenians. In Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, bribery used in the elections, according to various estimates, from 10 to 15%, has increased the number of votes. However, it points out at its "relevance" not only on the all-Ukrainian level, but also regionally.
8. As it turned out, UC professes an ideology of oligarchic fascism!
9. According to the Ukrainian edition of "Weekly Mirror", "United Centre" will eventually completely merge with the Party of Regions.
10. Having obtained support by such means, what kind of legitimacy can there be? This applies to not only UC, but also the Ukrainian government in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia in general. This once again confirms that "superfluous people" would not get into the power. In this case, the possibilities of any negotiations and agreement with the Ukrainian authorities or representatives of state power remain in question.
11. Another disappointment - surprisingly low results from two Hungarian parties - a total of 3,8 %; namely, the Democratic Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (15,351 people) and Transcarpathian regional organizations and political parties KMKS “Party of Hungarians of Ukraine” (20,456 people). As a political force, the Hungarians in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia, with a population of slightly more than 12% are represented by 3,8%!? Two Transcarpathian Hungarian parties actually repeated the results of its donors in Hungary: The Democratic Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (Ishtvan Gaydosh) - Socialist KMKS - Party of Hungarians of Ukraine (Miklos Kovacs) - Liberals, are actively competing with each other in Transcarpathia, thus, pushing the nationalist front to the second place.
The current Ukrainian government in Transcarpathia is no longer the central and only forum linking ruling "elite" with the population of the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Ukrainian government in Transcarpathia is no longer non-alternative and not the only one who communicate ideas about solving public problems and the future of Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia. State employees and retirees are becoming more and more pragmatic with regard to the Ukrainian state. The same applies to migrant workers. To date, the number of migrant workers is almost equal to the number of state employees and retirees in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia. At the same time, the population of the territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians mainly survives at the expense of migrant workers.
Currently, there is a change of political culture. In this sense, disappears the dilemma that existed before - for which state to vote - for "United Centre" with its ideology of oligarchic fascism, or Ruthenians with the ideology of a sovereign state - Republic of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. There has been a fundamental shift: the SR and UC are no longer seen in Transcarpathia-Subcarpathian Ruthenia as an alternative to the Ukrainian state. Persecution of the Ruthenian people by Ukraine demonstrated that Ruthenians are alive; they are still a force that Ukrainian powers have only awakened by their actions.
Who will pay the Ruthenians compensation for the damage of their statehood and the nation's detriment, or once again about how some "victims" try to "knock out" compensation from other similar "victims" Dmitry Vozdvyzhensky:
I think that after the recognition of the tragedy of Katyn by the State Duma, Russia must denounce the originally illegal Stalin’s "Treaty on the Carpathian Ukraine", dated 29 June 1945, the more so because the Ruthenians do not ask for compensation from Russia, as the denunciation itself would mean such compensation!
Russia does not have to pay Poland, for the demands of Poland are 100% the same as the requirements of Russia itself and Subcarpathian Ruthenia, and would therefore cancel out.
I would like to remind that in 1920, 120,000 Red Army’ prisoners of war, 85,000 of which were exterminated by Polish separatists, had found themselves in the territory of Poland, partly seceded from Russia, namely the former Russian Empire, which was being “legally recaptured.”
Prince Vladimir reconquered from The Lendians Cherven lands - Galicia. Poland later won them over from Russia, creating The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Did Georgian Saakashvili fight over Ossetia? Does Moldova fight over Transnistria? Does Azerbaijan fight over Nagorno-Karabakh? Does Ukraine fight with Ruthenians, who just want to restore their pre-Soviet status of the National or Administrative Autonomous Republic within Ukraine?
Regarding compensation, the Subcarpathian Ruthenians are entitled to compensation from the following:
1. From Austria - for the genocide of the Ruthenian nation in Austrian concentration camps Tallergof and Terezin in 1914-1915.
2. From Hungary - for the crimes of the communist Bela Kun in 1919.
3. From Czechoslovakia - (and now separate from the Czech Republic and Slovakia), because it did not issue the status of the state of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in time, in 1920, and because of their treacherous cahoots with Stalin in Moscow in 1945, and today with the EU.
4. From Germany - for the destruction of national statehood of Subcarpathian Ruthenia in March 1939, by the Abwehr through the instrumentality of Galician terrorists.
5. From Poland - for 3,000 Polish citizens - Galician terrorists, who were illegally crossing the Ruthenian border in 1938, killing innocent civilians in the Subcarpathian Ruthenia, and destroying bridges. They established military fascist formation, "The Carpathian Sich" who attempted the coup and seize power, illegally renamed the Republic into the "Carpathian Ukraine", and assaulted schoolchildren in the [Krasnoe Pole] “Red Field” in the Khust area.
6. From Ukraine (to the extent of not less than $ 20 billion) - for their illegal stay in the territory of the Ruthenians in the course of 19 years, for criminal felling of fore-forests and forests, for violation of the ecology, for the capture of Ruthenian lands and property, for quiet deportation of 350,000 Ruthenians abroad to make a living, for ethnocide and genocide of the Ruthenian nation.
7. From Hungary - for the fact that they have been buying from the Ukrainian thieves forest, namely round timber, for 19 years, to consequently stamp in the floods, along with the Ruthenians.
8. From Romania - for the capture of originally Ruthenian city Sighet in 1918, and Ruthenian Maramarosh, for Romanization of the Ruthenians, and toxic pollution of the Tisza River.
We could go on an on!"
So, would Kievan authorities (and other countries mentioned above) pay for damages to the Ruthenians?
Regarding the former, we do not ask compensation from Russia, but denunciation of the "Treaty on the Carpathian Ukraine" would suffice as such compensation!